By Andrea Gamberini
Milan used to be for hundreds of years crucial middle of financial, ecclesiastical and political strength in Lombardy. because the nation of Milan it prolonged within the Renaissance over a wide a part of northern and crucial Italy and numbered over thirty towns with their territories. A significant other to past due Medieval and early smooth Milan examines the tale of town and nation from the institution of the duchy below the Viscontis in 1395 via to the one hundred fifty years of Spanish rule and all the way down to its ultimate absorption into Austrian Lombardy in 1704. It opens as much as a large readership a well-documented synthesis that is either totally informative and displays present debate. 20 chapters via certified and special students provide a brand new and unique standpoint with topics starting from society to politics, song to literature, the background of artwork to legislations, the church to the economic climate
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Additional info for A Companion to Late Medieval and Early Modern Milan: The Distinctive Features of an Italian State
But even if the Lombards and then the Franks established their capital at Pavia, Milan maintained its role, thanks above all to the prestige and actions of its archbishops. These were not only metropolitans of an ecclesiastical province that included nearly all the dioceses of Piedmont, Liguria and Lombardy, but in the post-Carolingian age succeeded in making themselves civic leaders of the city as well. 1 Favouring the reinforcement of the prelate’s political role were not only the power and wealth of the Ambrosian Church, which possessed a huge number of townships and villages in the broad territory between the city and the Alps: the archbishoop was also supported by the full weight of the economic and political strength of the Milanese.
37 Michele Ansani, “La provvista dei benefici (1450–1466). ), Gli Sforza, la Chiesa lombarda, pp. 1–114. 36 Gamberini During the era of il Moro, Milan became one of the principal courts of the Renaissance, thanks also to Sforza’s ability to attract there artists such as Leonardo and Bramante, who found a particularly receptive environment in the city. ”38 The other side of the coin of il Moro’s politics of magnificence was the by now structural financial crisis of the duchy, which measures such as the sale of offices and magistracies—according to a policy that was not new, but was now pursued with more determination—did not succeed in resolving.
With some moments of tension—as evidenced by the conspiracy of the Pusterla in 1340—the Milanese aristocracy also ended up supporting the Visconti initiative, backing their plans for conquests. Moreover, the Visconti knew well how to reward those who backed them: fiscal immunities, lands, jurisdiction, even ecclesiastical offices were distributed to their protégés and associates. Indeed, this relation with local ecclesiastical institutions appears to have been crucial for the Visconti: if the archiepiscopal office served as a trampoline for the ascent of Ottone, the rich temporalities of the Ambrosian episcopal endowment were despoiled in succeeding decades and its archive destroyed, so as to erase the memory of the rights of the Church.