By Richard M. Hogg
First released in 1992, A Grammar of outdated English, quantity 1: Phonology used to be a landmark booklet that during the intervening years has no longer been handed in its intensity of scholarship and usability to the sphere. With the 2011 posthumous booklet of Richard M. Hogg's Volume 2: Morphology, Volume 1 is back in print, now in paperback, in order that students can personal this entire paintings.
- Takes account of significant advancements either within the box of outdated English reports and in linguistic idea
- Takes complete benefit of the Dictionary of OldEnglish venture at Toronto, and comprises complete cross-references to the DOE info
- Fully makes use of paintings in phonemic and generative idea and similar subject matters
- Provides fabric an important for destiny learn either in diachronic and synchronic phonology and in old sociolinguistics
Chapter 1 creation (pages 1–9):
Chapter 2 Orthography and Phonology (pages 10–51):
Chapter three The Vowels in Germanic (pages 52–65):
Chapter four The Consonants in Germanic (pages 66–73):
Chapter five previous English Vowels (pages 74–213):
Chapter 6 Unstressed Vowels (pages 214–245):
Chapter 7 previous English Consonants (pages 246–300):
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Extra resources for A Grammar of Old English: Phonology, Volume 1
In the present state of our knowledge the question is largely one of taste. 44 Syllables with secondary stress show a compromise between the behaviour of fully stressed and unstressed vowels. Long vowels are regularly reduced to short vowels and diphthongs are both lowered to ea (< io, eo) and reduced to a. Examples of the reduction of diphthongs are: s7iptearo, s7iptaran ‘pitch’ alongside teoru ‘tar’. 43. 1 Therefore in this work originally long vowels in secondary- or weak-stressed syllables will not be marked for length.
The consistency of the spellings in EpGl, ErfGl, however, indicate that at that time, possibly only in Merc, [b] was still an allophone of /b/ rather than /f/. 58. 53. 10, closely related to CorpGl, has no such examples of 〈b〉. For a listing of forms and discussion, see Chadwick (1899: 232–40), also Wynn (1956: §109), Pheifer (1974: §69). 3 In wbobud 〈b〉 may represent [b], see Campbell (1959: §461n3), and nwfre, nwbre is of uncertain etymology. Other forms are probably Latinisms, see Brunner (1965: §191A2), Cosijn (1888a: §130), which leaves only frbbranne as reliable.
Note here Stockwell and Barritt’s initial proposal (1951: 13) that ‘In the case of the back allophone of /æ/ . . the off-glide . . was a part of the articulation of the following consonant’, a proposal they later rejected in Stockwell and Barritt (1955: 376). 26 Stockwell and Barritt (1951, 1955, 1961) and Stockwell (1958) agree with Daunt in claiming that the second element of the digraphs was diacritical, but differ in asserting that its purpose was to indicate a ‘back’ (= centralized and possibly lowered) allophone of the relevant monophthong.