By Andrew Sneddon (auth.)
What makes an occasion count number as an motion? standard solutions attract the best way the development was once produced: e.g., possibly an arm move is an motion whilst because of psychological states (in specific ways), yet now not while prompted in alternative routes. Andrew Sneddon argues that this sort of resolution, which he calls "productionism", is methodologically and considerably fallacious. specifically, productionist solutions to this query are typically both individualistic or foundationalist, or either, with out particular defence. as an alternative, Sneddon bargains an externalist, anti-foundationalist account of what makes an occasion count number as an motion, which he calls neo-ascriptivism, after the paintings of H.L.A. Hart. particularly, Sneddon argues that our practices of attributing ethical accountability to one another are a minimum of partially constitutive of occasions as actions.
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Extra resources for Action and Responsibility
By contrast, one has to venture far from the domain of action itself to show the presence of an event within this solar system as necessary for the description of that event as an action. This provides very good grounds for thinking that moral responsibility has more to do with the nature of action than relative astronomical location. To some degree at least, it is a type necessary condition of action. The rest of the case for treating the possibility of attributing moral responsibility for an event as type necessary for that event counting as an action turns on examining the nature of moral responsibility itself, and its relation to other possible type necessary conditions.
It takes but a moment’s thought to show that it is not sufficient: we hold people responsible for inaction as well, and to claim that such occasions are actually actions is an undesirable revision of everyday categories. As we shall see shortly, to claim that responsibility is type necessary for action is still too strong a claim to be defensible. However, taken with a grain of salt, this claim does give the appropriate flavour of ascriptivism. It is very important to note that it is a normative notion of responsibility that is intended here.
There are several issues to address at this point. First, the matters of description and ascription of ‘action’ to an event, which are the domain of 1/1’, are the heart of the status issue. The status question asks about conditions of propriety for performing exactly these descriptions/ascriptions. Second, I am taking ‘it is possible to ascribe moral responsibility to an agent . ’ as equivalent to ‘the possibility of ascribing moral responsibility to an agent . ’ The final and crucial matter to address is whether the necessary condition here identified is a type necessary condition.