By Steven Taylor
Within the mid- to past due Forties, a gaggle of younger males rattled the psychiatric institution by way of beaming a public highlight at the squalid stipulations and brutality in our nation's psychological hospitals and coaching faculties for individuals with psychiatric and highbrow disabilities. Bringing the abuses to the eye of newspapers and magazines around the state, they led a reform attempt to alter public attitudes and to enhance the educational and standing of institutional employees. those younger males have been one of the 12,000 international battle II conscientious objectors who selected to accomplish civilian public provider instead to struggling with. performing on moral sense a moment time, they challenged America's remedy of its electorate with critical disabilities. Acts of moral sense brings to mild the extreme efforts of those brave males, drawing upon vast archival study, interviews, and private correspondence.
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Additional resources for Acts of Conscience: World War II, Mental Institutions, and Religious Objectors
Are you a member of a religious sect or organization? . 9. Describe your relationships with and activities in all organizations with which you are or have been affiliated, other than religious or military. 10. Give the names and other information indicated concerning persons who could supply information as to the sincerity of your professed convictions against participation in war. Each local draft board judged CO claims differently. Some draft boards, especially the ones located in communities with large concentrations of Mennonites, Brethren, and Friends, were sympathetic toward COs and granted exemptions liberally.
The resolution stated, “We are constrained as followers of Christ to abstain from all forms of military service and all means of support of war,” and listed a series of specific commitments: no part in carnal warfare or conflict between nations or strife between classes, groups, or individuals; no involvement during wartime with civilian organizations temporarily allied with the military in the prosecution of war; no part in the financing of war bonds or contributions in support of military efforts; no participation in the manufacture of munitions or weapons; no involvement in military training; no activity that tends to promote ill will or hatred among nations; and no pursuit of profit out of war.
So the Catholic Workers were forced to rely on individual conscience to support their pacifism. The influence of the Catholic Workers was limited during World War II. Their time would come during another war, when Catholics inspired by Dorothy Day became leaders of an antiwar movement. A final issue that came up during the hearings had to do with alternatives to combatant service. In the questioning of Paul Comly French, a member of the Society of Friends, during the House hearings, the chairman asked: Let me ask you a question.