By George Fortune, Mubanga E. Kashoki
First released as a bankruptcy in Language in Zambia: Grammatical Sketches by way of the Institute of African reports (now the Institute of financial and Social study) in 1977, this can be the second one in a chain of person courses on Zambian languages and grammar. The goal of the sequence is to spice up the meagre scholarship and availability of academic fabrics on Zambian languages, which turned relatively in pressing in 1996, following the choice of the Zambian govt to revert to the coverage of utilizing neighborhood languages as media of guideline. This quantity offers a grammatical cartoon of Lozi, a language on the topic of the Sotho language workforce, and one of many languages spoken because the lingua franca all around the Western Province of Zambia. it's spoken at the principal Barotse simple to the north and south of Mongu and on both sides of the Zambezi river, all of the technique to Livingstone, the place it's the major African language in use, and a substantial distance inland. it's the moment administrative language of the rustic after English. The learn presents a complete survey of the entire significant grammatical gains of the language.
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Extra resources for An outline of Silozi grammar
F,râmpl€s of substantive phÌases (that same animal) (7) (pronoun, noun, demonstrative(2)) (that very dog) (9) (noun, pronoun, demonsfiative liíabazeo @) (úose matters)(10) (noun, demonstrative(2)) nja iUi? )(9) (noun, selector) nja iJì? €lative inflected stem) hona mo (in th€re)(17, l8) (FonouÍ! demonstrative(l)) While it is necessaryto d€fme a substantivephÌase (SP) as substantiv€+ substaútivein agreemeÌÌtat the level of the SP, it is usefirl for reasonsof economy in description to d€ime it a little more widely when it occurs as a coníituent in larger constructions, viz.
G. batho baba-bonahrÌnde (peoplewho seewell) cp. g. mucahayaa-sehahahulu (a young nÌanwho laughsloudly) cp. ) lubilo (spê€d) 0 l) (naked) (nakedness) (6) (bad) (evil) (6) (strong) Gtr€ngth) (6) (waler) (6) (delicious) (goodtâste) (3) (kind, good) (mercy) (3) (difficulty) (e) -boi (cowardly) -bakíti -cwalo cp. g. mezi tata linja zee-buhali (savage dogs) (10) mucahayaa-r ata (a strongyoung man) (l) pizi yeeJubìlo (a swift horse) (9) (at a wet place) (17) Negâtive forms of the Ìelative infleated stems are formed by prefixing the negativesign /-si-l to the relativ€ stem.
Ka- 2. ba4. i6. 8. bi10. lí13. bularku- t4. 15. 17. ) -úi? g. muíuart? ) 27 (class9 only) (l) múEi usili (a differ€nt village) (l) üa iAi? ) (9) THE RELATIVES Sil-ozi, like other Sotho languages, has a numbeÌ of relatively inflected constructions which occur in substântive phÌâses eitheÍ âs headwords or qualfiers. As constuctions the relatives belong to the anal)'tical level of the irúÌected substantives or substantive phÍas€s. Sincg howev€r, these constrüctionsare normally mnÌshifted as s€condarymembersofúe constitüent class of substantivein sübstantivephÍases,and since it is customaryto treat relatives and adjectivesamong the substantives,their heatmentis anticipated h€reto someextent.