By Nic Fields
The improvement of the city-state within the Classical interval of Greek background ensured a shift within the nature of fortifications within the area. not have been fortresses designed to shield a ruler and his entourage, particularly the full of the citizen physique needed to be shielded from any open air threats. The enceintes of those Greek city-states didn't have to be very excessive or robust as city-state clash used to be nonetheless determined by way of spear and protect, even though a few suggestion used to be nonetheless given to the technological know-how of fortification. This ebook information the development and ongoing improvement of the defences that secure essentially the most illustrious websites in Greece in the course of the most famed interval of her heritage.
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Extra resources for Ancient Greek Fortifications 500-300 BC
7 The 25th Tank Corps shoves its way past the 306. Infanterie-Division and its spearheads reach the village of Uryupin by 24 December, but are brought to a halt by Luftwaffe bombing. Airfield Soviet troop movements 0 0 2 4 6 1 8 2 10 6 12 14 8 16km 10 miles XXX 25 XX XXX Il’inka 24 Badanov By X 2 (-) 306 24 X str ay a Kalmykov 54 KG Mathieson X 7 130 Uryupin 3 X 4GD Skosyrskaya KG Heinemann KG Burgsdorf Oblivsky Morozovsk 1 Kryukov KG Tschöckell Valkovo Station Lugovoy X 4GD 4 Komintern Mikhaylov 54 X Kovylkin Station 130 By str ay a X Hill 175 5 D’yakanov Su kn ay a Tatsinskaya 6 N Movement to the Objective 33 Red Christmas – The Tatsinskaya Airfield Raid 1942 To hold the Bystraya River line, Gruppe Pfeiffer formed several ad hoc Kampfgruppen from Luftwaffe signal troops, Army smoke units and troops returning from leave in Germany, just before the Soviet 24th and 25th Tank Corps arrived.
Safe in Berlin, Göring ordered that his Luftwaffe men would ‘stand fast’ at Tatsinskaya and that evacuation was not authorized unless Soviet tanks were firing on the runway. At Heeresgruppe Don headquarters, von Manstein was sufficiently concerned about the threat to the airfields that he put XXXXVIII Panzerkorps on alert to pull its 11. Panzer-Division out of the fighting along the Chir River and send it to Morozovskaya if Soviet armour continued to advance. He also directed Hoth – who was hard-pressed himself – to give up the 6.
At one point, Luftwaffe aircraft had to fly over the heads of Nechayev’s tankers at the end of the runway, risking destruction from point-blank fire. The accuracy of the The flight line at Tatsinskaya was packed with nearly 200 transport aircraft on 24 December 1942. When the first Soviet shell landed a panic ensued as aircraft began trying to take off without coordination from the control tower, resulting in several collisions. (Bundesarchiv, Bild 101I462-0953-07A, Fotograf: Heidrich) 43 Red Christmas – The Tatsinskaya Airfield Raid 1942 The parking areas at Tatsinskaya were crowded with stacks of bombs and ammunition headed for Stalingrad.