Asset Declarations for Public Officials: A Tool to Prevent - download pdf or read online


Many nations worldwide have brought structures of asset declarations for public officers as a way to hinder corruption. those platforms fluctuate vastly from nation to kingdom. The effect of such structures at the genuine point of corruption isn't popular. This research presents a scientific research of the present perform within the zone of asset declarations in jap Europe and imperative Asia, and in a few OECD member states in Western Europe and North the USA. It examines the most important components of asset announcement structures, similar to coverage targets, criminal frameworks and the institutional preparations; the kinds of public officers who're required to put up declarations, and kinds of required info; strategies for verifying declared details, sanctions for violations, and public disclosure. The examine additionally discusses the cost-effectiveness and total usefulness of announcement structures. It comprises 4 case stories overlaying Lithuania, Romania, Spain and Ukraine, and plenty of extra kingdom examples and references. The examine provides coverage tips on the major parts of asset assertion platforms. those options can be helpful for nationwide governments and overseas organizations engaged in improvement, reform and evaluate of asset declarations platforms on a rustic point.

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However, in some countries the differentiation is not between branches of authority but rather between different levels of seniority of officials (or between the political and so-called professional level). The rationale is that officials of higher rank must be subject to stricter requirements. An example of this approach is Ukraine, where declaration forms consist of six parts. All officials fill in Parts 1-3 where income and financial liabilities are declared. Only higher categories of officials fill in Parts 4-6 where data about assets are required.

This reflects the fact that conflict of interest control is the most common purpose for the use of declarations of public officials. One could say that the conflict of interest prevention focuses somewhat narrowly on whether a particular interest can interfere with the discharge of official duties. Meantime there are also broader concerns with public accountability, raising the more general possibility of evaluating the activities of a public official, including what personal motives he/she may have.

12. Law “On the Adjustment of Public and Private Interests in the Public Service”, Article 9. 13. 2. 14. Source: questionnaire submitted by Lithuania. 15. Questionnaire submitted by Kosovo. 16. Formal meaning such as satisfies formal requirements but fails to support the substantial goals. 3. LEGAL BASIS AND INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS Bibliography Alves, P. , “Key Aspects of Asset Declarations in Portugal”, presentation at the seminar “Asset Declarations for Public Officials as a Tool against Corruption” in Belgrade, Serbia, 15-16 October 2009.

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