Read e-book online Atlas of Plastics Additives PDF

By Dietrich O. Hummel

Instrumental, specifically spectrometric equipment are time-honored in analytical laboratories for id and quantitative choice of complicated natural platforms. the writer has proven this in past works for polymeric fabrics of all type. during this e-book he describes the appliance of vibrational (FTIR, UV, Raman) and mass spectrometries and of alternative instrumental ideas for id and constitution elucidation of plastics ingredients, e.g., antioxidants, stabilisers, plasticisers, pigments, rubber chemical compounds. The cutting-edge is compressed in several tables and figures; those additionally permit the translation of spectra. specially striking is a suite of the FTIR spectra of 780 chosen ingredients, including constructions and legends. This publication is principally beneficial for the practitioner in plastics processing and construction in addition to plastics ingredients for the standard keep an eye on of educts.

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1100 ca. 530 ca. 1265 ca. 23 Continue Vibrating group CNOCNO-Na+ V(C=N) v(N-O) 2160 1300 1208 636 628 2250-2190 2048 748 484 vs sh m sh m sh m-s sh msh var sh vs sh m-wsh m-wsh 1460 1408 868 1450 878 712 1460 1085 860 715 702 1445 853 690 ca. 1400 1040 677 VS 1792 1383 836 1764 1384 826 2393 1383 824 712 1777 1418 1383 1368 820 730 1769 1383 828 808 728 wsh vs sh m sh w-m sh "NCO NCS-Na+ v(N=C) v(N=C) v(C-S) 6(NCS) Three-tipped stars (planar) COl" Na 2 CO 3 Va 8 (CO 3 ) 6 as (CO 3 ) Calcite Va 8 (CO 3 ) 6 a 8 (CO 3 ) Aragonite Va 8 (CO 3 ) 6 a s (CO 3 ) Va 8 (CO 3 ) Sa 8 (CO 3 ) PbCO 3 Va 8 (CO 3 ) 6 as (CO 3 ) NOi NaNO 3 KNO3 NH 4 NO 3 overtone Va8(NO3) S as (NO 3 ) overtone Va5(NO3) 6 as (NO 3 ) overtone ?

830 815-800 ca. 800 ca. 830 770-750 ca. 860 3080+3070 1430 VS 1110 ca. 820 700 540 465 3085+3075 1430 1400 1110 1015 830 700 530-515 3080 3070 1130 ca. 480 3080+3070 995 740 720 700 ca. 520 ca. 490 s-vs sh m vs sh m-s sh w-m sh wsh m-s sh m-s sh s sh m-s sh m-s sh vs sh m w-m sh wsh s sh m-s sh m-s sh m sh wsh m sh wsh w-m sh m-s sh m w-m 3800-3600 1100 1025 400 1110-1000 ca. 500 1250-1180 1000-900 520-500 mbr vs br vs br mbr vs br mbr Silanols Fused double band S-VS Broader than ring vibr. 2-3 components 390-360 ca.

In addition, the electronegative nature of F activates vibrations of adjacent C-C bonds by an inductive effect (electric coupling) b Mechanical coupling of CCl groups with adjacent structures is less than in the case of CF. On the other hand, CCl band frequencies are dependent on both configuration and conformation of adjacent groups. 3); values in cm" 1 Name Yellow Ultramarine Crocoite Anhydrite Gypsum Baryte Assignment for CO3" Calcite Aragonite Cerussite Hydro cerussite Azurite Malachite a Formula vv SrCrO4 BaCrO4 PbCrO 4 CaSO4 CaSO4 2H2O BaSO4 927/912/887 936/899/859 905/858/833 1159/1130 1150/1120 1179/1120/1084 vv as c 1425 1460 1440/1404 1430/1400/1360 1490/1415 1500/1400 as CaCO3 CaCO3 PbCO 3 2PbCO 3 Pb(OH) 2 2CuCO 3 Cu(OH) 2 CuCO 3 Cu(OH) 2 Vsb 6 as a 1010 983 431/410 418 Not determ.

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