Beautiful Data: A History of Vision and Reason since 1945 - download pdf or read online

By Orit Halpern

Beautiful Data is either a historical past of massive information and interactivity, and a cosmopolitan meditation on rules approximately imaginative and prescient and cognition within the moment half the 20th century. Contending that our kinds of recognition, commentary, and fact are contingent and contested, Orit Halpern historicizes the ways in which we're proficient, and educate ourselves, to monitor and research the realm. Tracing the postwar effect of cybernetics and the communique sciences at the social and human sciences, layout, arts, and concrete making plans, she unearths a thorough shift in attitudes towards recording and exhibiting info. those replaced attitudes produced what she calls communicative objectivity: new sorts of remark, rationality, and economic climate in response to the administration and research of knowledge. Halpern complicates assumptions in regards to the price of information and visualization, arguing that adjustments in how we deal with and teach conception, and outline cause and intelligence, also are variations in governmentality. She additionally demanding situations the paradoxical trust that we're experiencing a trouble of consciousness brought on by electronic media, a quandary that may be resolved merely via intensified media intake.

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The sensory networks of train systems and smart cities are operating at multiple scales. But what likens these networks to practices of an “observer” is that they operate within certain conditions of possibility, “embedded in systems of conventions and limitations,”33 and, I might add, affordances and capacities, that are historically situated. To produce this account, therefore, I insist on linking the transformation in attitudes to perception with the reformulation of ideas of reason and cognition, because this alignment between how we know 20_INTRODUCTION and how we sense is critical to understanding and contesting contemporary attitudes to intelligence, data banking, and interactivity.

Model for New Songdo City. Image: author, 2012. Ideal? com/411878/ad-­classics-­ville-­radieuse-­le -­corbusier/; Real? “Blow-­out Village,” Peter Cook. Archigram Archive © Archigram 1966. that was envisioned in the fantastical projections of such countercultural and avant-­garde urban designers as those of the group Archigram in the 1960s. The irony, of course, is that it is not the vision of the Congrès Internationaux d’Architecture Moderne (ciam), so regularly linked in architectural history to rationalization, abstraction, colonialism, and the decontextualization of space and time, that is ascendant in this situation.

Both of these models presume that scale is an ontological reality, and a stable entity to be used across locations. Events happen within the frame, and commensurabilities occur between different scales. Counter to these two approaches, Jazairy suggests a definition of scale “as the unfolding of events that produces a certain scale,” which is to say an unfolding that creates conditions of possibilities. 72 Scale becomes about relationships between surfaces, topological strata that are not automatically commensurate.

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