Read e-book online Carbon nanotubes for polymer reinforcement PDF

By Peng-Cheng Ma

Discovered within the 20th century, carbon nanotubes (CNT) have been a vital part of technological know-how and through the start of the 21st century, revolutionizing chemistry, physics, and fabrics technological know-how. more moderen advances in carbon nanotube construction equipment have led to a big push to include CNTs into polymer matrices. even if many advances were made, significant stumbling blocks proceed unresolved: the enhancement of interfacial adhesion among CNTs and polymer matrix, and the development of dispersion of CNTs in polymers.

Both titanic unique members to the sector, the authors current Carbon Nanotubes for Polymer Reinforcement, the 1st monograph on quite a few traditional and leading edge concepts to disperse and functionalize carbon nanotubes for polymer reinforcement, elegantly explaining the elemental sciences and applied sciences keen on these strategies. themes coated include:

  • Use of CNTs in fabricating novel polymer composites
  • Principles and mechanisms in the back of CNT dispersion and functionalization
  • Methods for the functionalization and dispersion of CNTs in polymer matrices
  • Effects of CNTs on sensible and mechanical homes of polymer composites
  • Optimization of CNT/polymer nanocomposite fabrication

Carbon Nanotubes for Polymer Reinforcement is a accomplished therapy and demanding evaluate of the hot type of polymer nanocomposites, and issues to parts of destiny advancements. Composites engineers, scientists, researchers, and scholars will locate the fundamental wisdom and technical effects contained herein informative and priceless references for his or her paintings, even if for complicated study or for layout and manufacture of such composites.

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Nano. Lett. 6: 96. Zhang, H. , et al. 2005. J. Appl. Phys. Lett. 97: 1143101. Chiu, H. , et al. 2005. Phys. Rev. Lett. 95: 226101. Pang, L. , et al. 1993. J. Phys. Chem. 97: 6941. Saxby, J. , et al. 1992. J. Phys. Chem. 96: 17. , et al. 2005. Compos. Sci. Technol. 65: 491. Optical properties of carbon nanotubes. org/ wiki/Optical_properties_of_carbon_nanotubes (accessed in December 2009). Sinnott, S. , et al. 2001. Critical Rev. Solid State Mater. Sci. 36: 145. , et al. 1999. Synth. Met. 103: 2555.

This technique is particularly useful for the compositional characterization of functionalized CNTs. 11 SEM images of (A) dispersed CNTs and (B) CNTs in a polymer matrix. Adapted from Ma, P. , et al. 2007. Compos. Sci. Technol. 67: 2965. 12 TEM images of (A) CNTs, (B) silane functionalized CNTs, and (C) corresponding EDX spectrum of silane-functionalized CNTs. Adapted from Ma, P. , et al. 2006. Carbon 44: 3232. CNT functionalized using an organic silane82. 12B). 12C) confirms that these amorphous materials are derived from the silane molecules.

Phys. Chem. 97: 6941. Weight (%) 100 645°C Derivative (mg/min) Weight (%) 120 16 Carbon Nanotubes for Polymer Reinforcement 17 Introduction Absorbance (arb. 9 (A) optical absorption of a purified SWCNT thin film and (B) PL map of SWCNTs identifies their chiralities (Note that nanotubes with n = m or m = 0 cannot be detected by PL). Adapted from Optical properties of carbon nanotubes. , et al. 1999. Synth. Met. 103: 2555. resulting from their chiralities, and (2) light trapped in the CNT forests due to multiple reflections.

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