By Knut Andreas Bergsvik, Robin Skeates
Caves in Context presents the thriving inter-disciplinary box of cave reports with a European-scale survey of present study in cave archaeology. it truly is unified through a latest theoretical emphasis at the cultural value and variety of caves over house and time. Caves and rockshelters are stumbled on everywhere Europe, and feature often been occupied via human teams, from prehistory correct as much as the current day. a few seem to have in simple terms strains of brief occupations, whereas others include deep cultural deposits, indicating longer and a number of occupations. in particular, there's nice variability of their human use, either secular and sacred. the purpose of this publication is to discover the a number of significances of those traditional locations in quite a number chronological, spatial, and cultural contexts throughout Europe. the amount demonstrates, via a range of archaeological methods and examples, that cave reviews, whist inevitably focussed, can be of value to wider, modern, archaeological study agendas, quite while a contextual procedure is followed. The e-book can also be of relevance to different students operating within the comparable fields of speleology, earth sciences, panorama experiences, and anthropology, which jointly contain the inter-disciplinary box of cave experiences.
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Extra resources for Caves in Context: The Cultural Significance of Caves and Rockshelters in Europe
Bone tools were also found: slotted bone points, fishhooks, harpoons, awls, and pendants (Mikkelsen 1979). The rich osteological material (70 species) is dominated by the terrestrial species wild boar and elk. Altogether 22 mammals were present. Seal was present in the deposits as well as birds (37 species) and fish (11 species) (Degerbøl 1951; Indrelid 1978; Bjerck 2007). A number of shells were also found during the excavations. The dominance of terrestrial species is puzzling, considering the location of the site.
Russell, N. , Bonsall, C. and Sutherland, D. G. (1995) The role of shellfish-gathering in the Mesolithic of western Scotland: the evidence from Ulva Cave, Inner Hebrides. In A. ) Man and Sea in the Mesolithic. Coastal Settlement Above and Below the Present Sea Level, 273–288. Oxford, Oxbow Books. Saville, A. (1998a) An Corran, Staﬃn, Skye [radiocarbon dates]. Discovery and Excavation in Scotland 1998, 126–127. Saville, A. (1998b) Comment [on bone tool from Balephuil Bay, Tiree]. In C. Bronk Ramsey, P.
The regionalisation in the material culture was probably related to the emergence of sedentism, even if this is diﬃcult to evaluate because of the general lack of sites from the middle Mesolithic period. Large coastal sites with thick cultural layers indicate, however, that coastal sedentism was a significant feature of the succeeding late Mesolithic in this area (Warren 1994; Bergsvik 2001). Simultaneously, there was also a development of socially constructed boundaries between the sedentary populations (Olsen and Alsaker 1984; Bergsvik and Olsen 2003; Skjelstad 2003).