By Leslie J McLoughlin
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Extra info for Colloquial Arabic (Levantine)
LESSON SEVEN 53 DERIVED FORMS Defective verbs Past tense The suffixes change exactly as in defective verbs, Form I. II III IV V 3 m. sing. mashsha laa’a ’a9Ta ta9ashsha (make walk) (meet) (give) (dine) 1 c. g. /-eeoo/ becomes /-oo). V VIII X 3 pl. byita9ashshoo byishtaroo byistaHloo Note Give (’a9Ta) takes two direct objects: I gave her the book—’a9Tayt-ha il-kitaab I gave her it—’a9Tayt-ha ’iyyaa (h) Exercise Conjugate the above Forms II–X. 54 LESSON SEVEN Derived forms, doubled verbs Past tense Form II Quite normal.
Introduce someone to someone else), so ta9arraf (V) (9ala) means ‘to be introduced (to) someone’. Form VI usually the reflexive of III: hence ta9aarafoo means ‘they got to know one another’. Form VII in Levantine Arabic a heavily used form, by comparison with other dialects. It is most commonly used in place of the passive. Where other dialects use the passive or the form ‘They did so-and-so’, Levantine Arabic generates Form VII verbs. From the verbs in the previous section come: be opened, infataH; be edible, ’in ’akal; be drinkable,’insharib; be known, ’in9araf; be done, ’in9amal.
Exercise: form the derived forms of fa9al. Meaning is not quite so consistent: hence the many academic jokes about the meaning of Arabic derived-form verbs. However, in general the following guide is true, though not the whole truth. e. ‘to send back’. Form III frequently means to do the action of Form I to someone: hence kaatab means ‘to write to someone’. (Lots of academic jokes here on the sexual proclivities of Form III verbs. ) Form IV often has the same meaning as Form II. g. to drop off passengers from a cab).