Download PDF by Eliezer Ben-Rafael, Yitzak Sternberg: Comparing Modernities: Pluralism Versus Homogenity. Essays

By Eliezer Ben-Rafael, Yitzak Sternberg

The authors of this quantity discover the tensions and dilemmas that effect pluralism and homogeneity in glossy societies. this is often the 1st paintings during this box within which the body of debate is a comparative civilizational research. It makes a speciality of concerns which are on the center of the modern human adventure and tradition. The participants to this publication, popular students from around the world, take on those matters through concerning diversified temporal and spatial settings. This e-book is in homage to Shmuel Noah Eisenstadt. We honor his ground-breaking paintings within the comparative examine of modernities and civilizations.

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Extra resources for Comparing Modernities: Pluralism Versus Homogenity. Essays in Homage to Shmuel N. Eisenstadt (International Comparative Social Studies 10)

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Focusing on our contemporary experience from a viewpoint that emphasizes communicative aspects, Delanty sees modernity through translation theory. Modernity, he contends, is universal and may be spoken about in any language, but, at the same time, the notion of multiple modernities means cultural exchange where translations from one language to another transmit culture by transforming what they take over and inserting it in a new context. Translation signifies that a foreign element is brought into a culture, creating new hybrid forms that unavoidably re-codify identities, symbolic orders, cognitive structures and imaginings.

This represented a missed opportunity to refashion the political science of previous centuries in a democratic direction. Failures of the Westernized state machinery, says the author, then stirred up velleities to reassert the Islamic world view and reinstate the Sharia in public life. The result was the reinvention of an Islamic political tradition with no resemblance to the historical synthesis of former centuries. Twentieth-century dispossessed traditional intellectuals formulated an Islamic counter-myth of their own against the modernized state, obliterating the theory of the two powers on the basis of an increasingly reified historical memory which decried the menace of Islam’s suffocation by Western cultural invasion.

However, by no means does this mean that they are all saying the same things. What Delanty calls “global culture” cannot be seen as constant nor translations as static. People, he contends, continuously reinterpret their situation in light of their on-going encounters with others. Globalization—as a process that intensifies connections, enhances possibilities and necessities for cultural translations and deepens the consciousness of globality—is the principal motor of modernity and its diversity.

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