Martin N. Murphy's Contemporary Piracy and Maritime Terrorism PDF

By Martin N. Murphy

Do piracy and maritime terrorism, separately or jointly, current a chance to overseas protection, and what courting if any exists among them?

Piracy could be a marginal challenge in itself, however the connections among organised piracy and wider legal networks and corruption on land make it a component of a phenomenon that may have a weakening influence on states and a destabilising one at the areas within which it really is discovered. additionally, it's also a side of a broader challenge of illness at sea that, exacerbated by way of the expanding strain on littoral waters from transforming into numbers of individuals and companies trying to take advantage of maritime assets, encourages maritime illegal activity and offers insurgents and terrorists the liberty to function. during this context, maritime terrorism, notwithstanding at the moment just a low-level risk, has the aptitude to unfold and turn into better within the occasion of political swap on land. it's only through addressing the problem of generalised maritime sickness that the issues of piracy and maritime terrorism might be managed within the lengthy term.

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The need for supplies from abroad meant that the LTTE was compelled to build a maritime capability, as was GAM in Aceh, for the same reason. Groups that have lacked these kinds of practical imperatives have generally abandoned their maritime activities. Necessity is the maritime terrorists' equivalent of pirates' opportunity: a primary motivator. As with opportunity, it is never the only one, and it is not enough to ensure success. Six major factors contribute to the effective operation of a terrorist group at sea: • • • • • • Legal and jurisdictional weakness Geographical necessity Inadequate security Secure base areas Maritime tradition Charismatic and effective leadership • State support Copyrighted Material Contemporary Piracy and Maritime Terrorism I 47 There is considerable overlap with the factors that facilitate piracy.

The ICU successfully suppressed the pirates, who had operated under the protection and possible direction of the warlords, by shutting down their bases. US-backed Ethiopian forces, however, defeated the ICU in December 2006 and removed it from power. Following the collapse of ICU rule, there were signs that pirate activity was resuming. In December 2006, the ONI reported that a cargo ship, the Sheila McDevitt, had encountered a suspected pirate vessel 120 miles off the coast the previous month,95 and early in 2007, there was a report that pirates were re-assembling at Xarardheere, the east-coast town that had been the base for the pirate group that had been the most active prior to the ICU takeover.

In recent years, only the LTTE has actually used mines, including remote-controlled versions, which were first deployed off the Jaffna peninsula in the early 1990s. Divers and 'human torpedoes ' Terrorist use of divers first came to public attention in 2002, when an alQaeda operative reportedly revealed a plan to attack US navy ships with bomb-laden divers while they visited an Indonesian port. 2° But reports like these are rare and often unreliable, and, while clearly some activity in these areas has taken place, most analysts are sceptical about its extent.

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