By Graeme C S Steven
Counter-Terrorism: A Reference guide outlines the specter of terrorism and how you can wrestle it. Written via professional insiders within the box, this vast exam surveys quite a lot of various terrorist teams from the Provisional Irish Republican military (PIRA) to Al Qaeda. It indicates how key developments and styles in family and foreign terrorism equivalent to suicide bombings require counter recommendations and strategies together with surveillance and reconnaissance.Case reviews of terrorist corporations in Europe, Asia, Africa, Latin the United States, the Balkans, and the Caucasus, and profiles of terrorists like Khalid Sheikh Mohommad, alias Mokhtar (The Brain), who masterminded the Al Qaeda assault on Sep 11, illustrate the becoming community of teams and leaders harnessing the forces of globalization. ultimately, the authors recommend lthat no unmarried kingdom can act successfully by itself to confront terrorism--instead, quite a lot of recommendations should be followed by means of all.
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Extra resources for Counterterrorism: A Reference Handbook (Contemporary World Issues)
The overall terrorist threat is skewed because most analysts map terrorist trends and patterns by examining only incidents of international terrorism. The decade preceding 9/11 witnessed a steady decline in the incidents of international terrorism, largely due to international cooperation. However, the overall incidents of terrorism increased due to an increase in domestic terrorism. The overall increase in terrorist incidents is attributed to the numerical increase and the intensity of intrastate conflicts.
It is often pointless trying to explain the mindset of terrorists without knowing about their backgrounds, previous situations, and how the group recruits or operates. Often, the reality of life as a terrorist is very different from the image or motivating factor that caused the individual to join in the first place. The factors that drive individuals to join a group can also become the factors that make them want to leave, if membership of the group ceases to satisfy or fulfill that need that caused them to join in the first place.
Some individuals join or support a terrorist group for social recognition or social acceptance. Clark (Terrorism, 1983) found when investigating ETA that in the Basque region of Spain, mixed-parentage children (those not “pure Basque”) are reviled, and that only 8 percent are of mixed Basque-Spanish origin. When Clark investigated the background membership of ETA he found that over 40 percent of the terrorist group were from such mixed-parentage families, thus suggesting that they were trying to show that they were so Basque that they would go to the extremes of fighting for Basque independence; in other words, they were attempting to “out-Basque the Basques” (Reich 1996, 29).