By Yaeko S. Habein, Gerald B. Mathias
There are various issues that make studying to learn jap tricky, and them all need to do with kanji. it's been steered that kanji be banned from use, which would turn out awkward on the grounds that they've been part of the language for over a 1,400 years. It has additionally been advised that they be simplified, and a half-hearted test used to be truly made to do exactly that. yet, after all, the coed has just one recourse-which is, to profit them.
Of the various problems offered by means of kanji, this e-book takes up one: the truth that lots of them glance so greatly alike. on your early years as a scholar, you might imagine that what you notice sooner than you is the straightforward personality for "big," in simple terms to learn that, sorry, that is its look-alike, "dog." afterward on your occupation, you notice what you think to be the lately realized "rope," basically to be informed that it's its kissing cousin "steel." Years later, with loads of adventure below your belt, you're still stuck flat-footed if you happen to mistake "samurai" for "wait."
This ebook is helping the coed to beat this challenge of kissing cousins and spitting photos, to realize the sophisticated variations that distinguish one kanji from one other. With various routines and charts, the tell-tale symptoms that provide each one kanji away are indelibly printed on the mind.
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Additional resources for Decoding Kanji: A Practical Approach to Learning Look-Alike Characters
In the present state of our knowledge the question is largely one of taste. 44 Syllables with secondary stress show a compromise between the behaviour of fully stressed and unstressed vowels. Long vowels are regularly reduced to short vowels and diphthongs are both lowered to ea (< io, eo) and reduced to a. Examples of the reduction of diphthongs are: s7iptearo, s7iptaran ‘pitch’ alongside teoru ‘tar’. 43. 1 Therefore in this work originally long vowels in secondary- or weak-stressed syllables will not be marked for length.
The consistency of the spellings in EpGl, ErfGl, however, indicate that at that time, possibly only in Merc, [b] was still an allophone of /b/ rather than /f/. 58. 53. 10, closely related to CorpGl, has no such examples of 〈b〉. For a listing of forms and discussion, see Chadwick (1899: 232–40), also Wynn (1956: §109), Pheifer (1974: §69). 3 In wbobud 〈b〉 may represent [b], see Campbell (1959: §461n3), and nwfre, nwbre is of uncertain etymology. Other forms are probably Latinisms, see Brunner (1965: §191A2), Cosijn (1888a: §130), which leaves only frbbranne as reliable.
Note here Stockwell and Barritt’s initial proposal (1951: 13) that ‘In the case of the back allophone of /æ/ . . the off-glide . . was a part of the articulation of the following consonant’, a proposal they later rejected in Stockwell and Barritt (1955: 376). 26 Stockwell and Barritt (1951, 1955, 1961) and Stockwell (1958) agree with Daunt in claiming that the second element of the digraphs was diacritical, but differ in asserting that its purpose was to indicate a ‘back’ (= centralized and possibly lowered) allophone of the relevant monophthong.