By Jeffery M. Dorwart
Jeffery M. Dorwart's learn and research offer a clean examine the friendships, connections, and mindsets that instructed the transforming into federal govt within the first half the 20 th century. the results of those relationships used to be a method of corporatist administration for wartime mobilization and for chilly battle nationwide safety. Eberstadt, a key determine on quite a few coverage committees, and Forrestal, secretary of the military through the Forties and the 1st secretary of the recent division of safety, shared a standard heritage the entire method to their collage days at Princeton. through the years, their friendship and their ties to a gaggle of like-minded executives, whom Eberstadt termed the "Good Men," considerably formed govt policy.
Dorwart's study on Eberstadt's function is mainly enlightening, for it unearths how Eberstadt, an out of doors advisor and never a central authority worker or elected legitimate, affected coverage path via his layout of the nationwide protection Act of 1947.
"This is an important contribution to American army and protection background. The author's use of the great guy' thought effectively . . . illustrates how non-military principles and affects were primary in shaping nationwide safety policy."--Jerry Cooper, collage of Missouri-St. Louis (formerly of the Command and normal employees College)
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Extra info for Eberstadt and Forrestal: A National Security Partnership, 1909-1949 (Texas a & M University Military History Series)
Professor George W. Kirchwey, like Eberstadt, came from a prosperous German Ameri- Page 18 can family. Columbia's law faculty continued the Progressive organizational education already introduced to Eberstadt at Princeton by Fetter. Like Fetter, Kirchwey promoted philanthropy, penal reform, and social welfare organizations and helped to found the New York School of Social Work. Professor Terry's organizational experiences included membership on the New York Civic League and National Civic Federation, the latter embodying an American form of corporatism during the Progressive Era.
Redfield, a New York congressman and industrialist, voiced the Democratic Party's position on tariff revision as the means to stimulate business, foreign trade, and international harmony. His theories impressed Wilson, who selected Redfield as his secretary of commerce, a role that Redfield used to promote private business expansion abroad. "13 Eberstadt analyzed Redfield's views for Fetter's class. Redfield's work had taught him the need for the adjustment between labor and capital, and between political interests and duty to the nation.
One of these was the War Industries Board (WIB), headed by Bernard Baruch. He and other Wilson appointees relied on voluntarism, cooperation, and private association rather than formal organization to accomplish their objectives. They assembled experts and sought to organize industrial trade associations. The war ended before the WIB or other emergency machinery solidified into permanent institutions. Fragments such as a statistical office found their way into regular Commerce Department channels, Page 10 while the Council of National Defense stayed on the statute books as an inactive agency.