By M Le Bras, C Wilkie, S Bourbigot
Theortical learn into intumescent is quite less than constructing zone in spite that state of the art know-how is significantly constructed in undefined. it's going to precious analyzing this ebook to people who have an interest in examine and improvement of flame retardant method or program of it to polymeric fabric or textiles.
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Extra resources for Fire Retardancy of Polymers: New Applications of Mineral Fillers
2003, April, 2003. 24. A. L. Bahr, S. M. Tour and R. Krishnamoorti, Macromolecules, 2002, 35, 8825. 25. G. , 2002, 26, 291. 26. T. Kashiwagi, E. Grulke, J. Hilding, R. Harris, W. Walid and J. Douglas, Macromol. , 2002, 23, 761. 27. T. Kashiwagi, E. Grulke, J. Hilding, J. Shields, R. Harris, W. Awad and J. Douglas, Abstract of 9th European Meeting on Fire Retardancy, September, 2003. 28. G. Li, L. Wang, H. Ni and C. U. , J. Inorg. Organmet. , 2002, 11, 123. 29. D. W. Gilman, “Preceramic additives as fire retardants for plastics,” US 6,362,279 B2, issued March 26, 2002.
9 Volatilisation of carbonaceous residue as carbon oxides subsequently occurs, Fire Retardant Fillers for Polymers 27 which does not contribute to the obscuration effects of smoke. 39 The reduced combustion rate arising from the effects of the fire retardant filler will also play a part in lowering the rate of smoke evolution and also in improving oxygen-to-fuel ratios, further limiting obscuration. The role of evolved water from hydroxide decomposition is of interest, since water can also oxidise carbon.
4 Boehmite, AlO(OH) Boehmite is, in effect, partly decomposed aluminium hydroxide, where two thirds of the water has been removed. It has been promoted as a fire retardant in its own right but, because of the relatively low water content, does not seem to have a high fire retardant effectiveness. 5 Calcium Sulphate Dihydrate, (Gypsum) CaSO4·2H2O This is a low cost material. 2 Mechanistic Studies Before discussing mechanistic aspects in detail, it must be pointed out that the determination of fire retardant performance is a complex and somewhat controversial topic.