By David R. Harris, Gordon C. Hillman
This booklet is one among a chain of greater than 20 volumes as a result of the realm Archaeological Congress, September 1986, trying to compile not just archaeologists and anthropologists from many components of the area, in addition to teachers from contingent disciplines, but in addition non-academics from quite a lot of cultural backgrounds. This quantity develops a brand new method of plant exploitation and early agriculture in a global comparative context. It modifies the conceptual dichotomy among "hunter-gatherers" and "farmers", viewing human exploitation of plant assets as an international evolutionary technique which integrated the beginnings of cultivation and crop domestication. The reports through the ebook come from a global variety of geographical contexts, from the Andes to China and from Australia to the higher Mid-West of North the United States. This paintings is of curiosity to anthropologists, archaeologists, botanists and geographers. initially released 1989.
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Extra resources for Foraging and Farming: The Evolution of Plant Exploitation
Those by Chase, Dove, Hallam, Harlan, Markey, and Shipek). Within the primarily biological contributions, evidence and insights from a wide range of specialisms are presented. g. Grobman's, Hawkes', Heiser's, Pickersgill's, and Wilkes' discussion of the taxonomic, genetic, and cytological evidence for the domestication and diffusion of maize and other crops of the American tropics; Chikwendu's & Okezie's experimental study of yam domestication; Johns', and Hill's & Evans', biochemical approaches to, respectively, Andean root and tuber crops, and Pacific Island crops; Butler's application of anatomical micromorphology to the Southwest Asian grain legumes; Maloney's palynological investigation of the local environment of a key archaeological site in Thailand; Stahl's discussion of the dietary implications of plant-food processing; and the ecological-genetic reviews of the domesticat~on of the major grain crops of Southwest Asia by Zohary, Kislcv, and Ladizinsky, of the tropical African cereals by Harlan, and of rice by Chang.
It does not address the question of why some past human societies shifted from primary dependence on wild plant foods to primary dependence on cultivated crops. It seeks only to specify a series of plant-exploitative activities and associated ecological effects arranged sequentially along a continuum which is, however, also conceived as a gradient of increasing input of human energy per unit area of exploited land. This correlation cannot at present be demonstrated quantitatively and must remain hypothetical.
David R. Harris Gordon C. Hillman Institute oj Archaeology University College London 1 April 1988 Radiocarbon dates Throughout the text, bp, bc and ad refer to uncalibrated radiocarbon dates. Be and AD are used to indicate calibrated radiocarbon dates and calendric dates. Note The final date for revision by authors of their contributions to this book was 30 June 1988. Introduction DAVID R. HARRIS and GORDON C. HILLMAN Twenty years have passed since the first major international seminar to be held on plant and animal domestication took place at the Institute of Archaeology in London.