By Tim Valentine
''Forensic Facial Identification'' discusses the most recent medical and technical developments within the box and their implications for perform in psychology, criminology, and legislation.
offers an up to date set of most sensible practices for forensic facial identity studies present approaches for various facial id tools and their reliability Covers eyewitness testimony, line-ups, facial composites, anthropological face reconstructions, CCTV photos, and automated computerized face reputation platforms accommodates case stories which positioned the newest examine and expertise within the right felony context
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Additional info for Forensic facial identification : theory and practice of identification from eyewitnesses, composites and CCTV
However, there are findings in the verbal overshadowing literature that are problem atic for a recoding interference account. As previously indicated, the lack of a consistent relationship between description accuracy and identification performance is at odds with this account. Furthermore, this account predicts that the negative effect of description should be restricted to the face that is initially described, yet there are instances in the literature where describing one face has been found to more generally interfere with the recognition of other previously encoun tered faces that were not described (Brown & Lloyd‐Jones, 2002, 2003).
This is supported by a meta‐ analysis by Memon, Meissner, and Fraser (2010; see also Köhnken, Milne, Memon, & Bull, 1999). In light of the association between errors in facial descriptions and subsequent identification accuracy, it is reasonable to suggest that this particular instruction should be omitted when asking witnesses to provide a facial description of a perpetrator. The aim should be to minimize the number of erroneous person‐descriptor details reported. Thus, when eliciting descriptions interviewers should prompt wit nesses to adopt a stricter response criterion by requesting that they are particularly careful when reporting person descriptions; strive for accuracy, avoid guesses, and only report information that they confi dently remember themselves.
Forgetting the once‐seen face: Estimating the strength of an eyewitness’s memory representation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 14, 139–150. , & Carey, S. (1986) Why faces are and are not special: An effect of expertise. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 115, 107–117. 107 Ebbinghaus, H. (1913). Memory: A Contribution to Experimental Psychology. New York: Teachers College, Columbia University. (Original work published 1885). M. (1980). The deterioration of verbal descriptions of faces over different delay intervals.