Frederik Kortlandt 's From Proto-Indo-European to Slavic PDF

By Frederik Kortlandt

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1). 3. Cheng (1981 b: 81-109) posits three "stages" in the development of Chinese words. 2) of a base word. In the first, or "phonological" stage, two words Introduction 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 25 of similar sound and meaning combine to form bisyllabic, monomorphemic words. In the second stage (a phonological-to-syntactic transition stage), two words with similar sound and meaning combine to form bimorphemic words. The third stage Cheng terms the "syntactic" stage, in which monosyllabic words form bisyllabic words on analogy with rules of syntactic combination.

Packard 3. Modern views of complex words Let us now take a look at how scholars of Chinese language have analyzed complex Chinese words during the modern era. 25 Discussion of Chinese word formation in this century has involved issues such as the nature of the relationship between gestalt complex words and the properties of the constituents that form them, whether or not Modern Chinese has a system of affixation, and the connection between word-formation principles and the rules of sentence grammar.

5. 6. 7. 8. 25 of similar sound and meaning combine to form bisyllabic, monomorphemic words. In the second stage (a phonological-to-syntactic transition stage), two words with similar sound and meaning combine to form bimorphemic words. The third stage Cheng terms the "syntactic" stage, in which monosyllabic words form bisyllabic words on analogy with rules of syntactic combination. Although proposing stages suggests chronological development, Cheng cautions that the proposed stages are unlikely to correspond to clear-cut time periods within which the posited types of word formation occurred, to the exclusion of other types.

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