By Mark Greengrass
The French state dissolved into civil wars, referred to as the 'wars of religion', for a new release from 1562 to 1598. This publication examines the reactions of France's governing teams to that have. Their significant political endeavour used to be securing peace. They tried to accomplish it via a spiritual pluralism now not envisaged in the other kingdom in this scale during this interval. Its success may in simple terms be fulfilled, despite the fact that, along a reform of the kingdom's institutions
and society. Peace and reform went hand in hand - an ethical schedule for restoration.
France's notables drew on reservoirs of classical and Christian ethical philosophy and knowledge to discover useful solutions to the tricky difficulties of governance that faced them. The ensuing public introspection and vocal debates are tough to compare anyplace else in Europe at the present. They have been a vital a part of the profound feel of problem that France's governing elites skilled in the course of the later 16th century.
Drawing widely on manuscript and revealed assets no longer hitherto tested, this publication analyses for the 1st time the debates on the Estates common of Blois (1576-7) and the meeting of Notables at Saint-Germain-en-Laye of 1583-4. It exhibits the French polity in a clean gentle, proposing significant problems with political idea of their public and functional context. And it re-examines the an important and little-understood reign of Henri III, the final Valois king, suggesting how Bourbon France may have
emerged very in a different way from the civil wars of the past due 16th century.
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Additional resources for Governing Passions: Peace and Reform in the French Kingdom, 1576-1585
Some ofﬁcials in the royal ﬁscal machine—he singled out the receveurs généraux —should be appointed on commission so that they could be removed or transferred if they were suspected of wrongdoing. Once more, the theme was that of the ⁴⁵ BN MS Fr 3950 fo. 170v . , fo. 173. ⁴⁸ Ibid. , fo. 172. 26 Defeat and Reformation progressive nurturing of the virtues of ﬁdelity, honesty, and diligence. Little by little, the Augean stables of royal service were to be sanitized. Monetary inﬂation had begun to have a serious impact in France and there was already a debate among its notables as to its underlying causes and the possible solutions one might adopt.
How and when the ‘physic’ necessary to achieve such health was to be administered remained, as we shall see, a matter of debate. It is possible that the Assembly of Notables held at Compiègne in the autumn of 1573 was one of the consequences of Anjou’s memorandum. ⁶⁰ In reality, such efforts were submerged by the negotiations for Anjou’s departure, by the growing evidence of the king’s ill health, and above all by the discovery of a major conspiracy in February 1574. ⁶¹ It would be easy, but misguided, to regard the duke of Anjou’s memorandum as a ‘blueprint’ for his reign when he returned from his hundred-day reign in Poland to the throne of France after his brother’s death at Pentecost, 30 May 1574.
He had seen various ordinances on the subject over recent years ‘mais elles nont jamais dure six moys’. ⁴⁹ For good measure, he reminded the king that the fundamental process by which ordinary people could present grievances to the king and receive redress had fallen into desuetude. The maîtres des requêtes no longer went into the provinces to receive complaints and report them to the council. The discipline of receiving petitions and responding to them was another element in Anjou’s proposed reform.