By Wayne Madsen (auth.)
Although the concept that of private facts security started in Europe within the early Seventies, information safety laws has been followed in lots of international locations. In Europe there's a large divergence of guidelines among participants of the EC, non-EC individuals and the recent democracies of jap Europe. This quantity explains those modifications and likewise, uniquely, makes a speciality of the abuses of non-public information within the constructing international locations of Latin the US, Asia and Africa. additionally it is the newest nationwide and foreign legislation, projects and instructions on own information safeguard. it's the first reference paintings to mix those quite a few records in one quantity source.
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Additional info for Handbook of Personal Data Protection
Therefore, some data protection laws apply to manual paper-based record systems as well as to automated systems. Network and On-line Directory Privacy The development of integrated services digital networks (ISDNs) in the late 1980s and early 1990s presented added problems for the protection of personal data in voice, data, video and facsimile format. The automatic compilation of billing data, for example, contains detailed information on an individual's use of digital network services. This includes time of use, duration of use, electronic mail messages sent, on-line database activity, electronic shopping, voice mail and cellular telephone usage.
Many European countries prohibit the transfer of personal information such as telephone numbers to countries without the express consent of the data protection authority. The annual Conference of Data Protection Commissioners held in Paris in September 1990 issued procedures for regulating the use of personal data in the telecommunications industry. The commissioners felt that guidelines should apply to the use of personal data by network service providers and should be especially encouraged in ISDN environments.
Nations that maintained advanced systems of records had, in reality, done the SD's work for them already. On the morning of 12 March 1938, members of the SD-Ausland (Foreign Intelligence Service of the SD) entered the headquarters of the Austrian Secret Service in Vienna and seized its records and files. Almost immediately members of the Hapsburg royal family and scores of Socialists and other leftist politicians were arrested by the Gestapo. The information used to identify and locate these individuals undoubtedly came from the files of the Austrian Secret Service.