By Kenneth J. Panton
The final zone of a century, from 1979 to 2007, has been eventful for the uk of significant Britain and northerly eire. The 12 months 1979 introduced significant alterations to the uk, particularly whilst the political weather altered noticeably with the arriving to energy of the Conservatives less than Margaret Thatcher following the disastrous "Winter of Discontent," which used to be characterised through fiscal woes and hard work unrest. In 1997, the political weather shifted once more whilst the recent Labour celebration received a landslide victory and the govt. was once run by way of the left-leaning centrist, Tony Blair. The interval witnessed conflicts raging either at domestic and overseas, it observed the untimely loss of life of a princess, and, extra definitely, the reemergence of the united kingdom economy.The historic Dictionary of up to date uk seeks to give the occasions, humans, and developments of the final 28 years and to assist clarify the present nation of the uk. wisdom of this is often very important to realizing the society, politics, personalities, and activities which are shaping the rustic straight away. this is often performed via a chronology courting from 1979 to the current, an introductory essay, a bibliography, and over seven-hundred cross-referenced dictionary entries on major individuals, areas, occasions, associations, and businesses, in addition to the political, financial, social, cultural, and non secular aspects.
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Extra info for Historical Dictionary of the Contemporary United Kingdom (Historical Dictionaries of Europe)
Qxd xxxii • 2/14/08 5:31 AM Page xxxii CHRONOLOGY office district in London’s docklands. 15 February: The Scott Report, requested by Prime Minister John Major, castigates government ministers for failing to tell Parliament about decisions to relax restrictions on international arms sales and thus fuels criticism of Major’s already unpopular administration. 18 February: Edward O’Brien, a supporter of the Provisional Irish Republican Army, is blown up by his own bomb when it detonates while he is traveling on a bus in central London.
30 March: Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother, dies at Windsor Castle, only 4 months short of her 102nd birthday. qxd xxxviii • 2/14/08 5:31 AM Page xxxviii CHRONOLOGY London. 18 May: The National Lottery is relaunched as National Lotto in an effort to reverse a £500 million decline in ticket sales over the past four years. 29 May: Tony Blair appoints Britain’s first black cabinet minister when he makes Paul Boateng chief secretary to the Treasury. 1–4 June: Celebrations marking the golden jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II’s accession to the throne climax with church services, fireworks displays, street parties, and other events through the country.
Social Change Social class divisions were always major features of British life, weakened through the 20th century by the changes wrought by wars and social legislation but boosted under the premiership of the Conservative Margaret Thatcher and altered again under New Labour. The fox-hunting political debates and the “Right to Roam” opening up of the countryside (in the Countryside and Rights of Way Act of 2000) showed the divisions clearly, while the changes to the House of Lords perhaps best characterized the continued decline of the aristocracy and the inexorable rise of common UK people.