New PDF release: How Systems Form and How Systems Break: A Beginner’s Guide

By Chiang H. Ren

Our global consists of structures inside of systems—the machines we construct, the data we percentage, the firms we shape, and parts of nature that encompass us. as a result, approximately each box of research and perform embodies behaviors stemming from process dynamics. but the learn of structures has remained a little fragmented in accordance with philosophies, methodologies, and intentions. Many methodologies for examining complicated platforms expand a long way past the normal framework of deduction overview and will, hence, look mysterious to the uninitiated.

This publication seeks to dispel the mysteries of structures research via holistically explaining the philosophies, methodologies, and intentions within the context of knowing how every kind of structures in our international shape and the way those structures holiday. This presentation is made on the point of conceptual figuring out, with lots of figures yet no mathematical formulation, for the start scholar and readers new to learning structures. in the course of the conceptual realizing supplied, scholars are given a strong power to determine the hidden behaviors and unexplained results on the planet round us.

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Extra resources for How Systems Form and How Systems Break: A Beginner’s Guide for Studying the World

Sample text

Or no medium at all. With link type and orientation, the next set of characteristics is for describing the quality of the link. The quality characteristic of flexibility is how the link can be changed while still remaining intact. The change can be initiated by changes in the dynamics of one or both parts, or it can be due to changes in the medium or mechanism that enables the link. For example, parts that are moving or changing in properties might require the link to also change in order to be viable.

In fact, these systems are so common that we often overlook their constrained system dynamics until something goes wrong. The Body as an Example of Fixed and Firm Structures: We, human beings, are organic systems with fixed subsystems centered on primary organs held together by the skin and skeleton of the body. The subsystems include respiration and circulation enabled by the lungs and the heart; digestion enabled by the stomach, liver, and intestines; thought and sensation enabled by the brain and sensory parts; movement enabled by muscles and tendons; liquid waste management enabled by the bladder and kidneys; and reproduction enabled by the sex organs [23].

I am, thus, a believer in the systems researcher using computers as tools and am quite concerned by systems research activities bounded from the beginning by the limitations of computer models and capabilities. For those diving into the realm of “Big Data” with terabytes and even petabytes of information, I wish to add a reminder that data is not a mirror to the world, and all large data sets have errors. Errors might occur as a result of the processes in collecting, storing, and transferring data as well as in generating metadata from source data.

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