Read e-book online Human Capital: Advances in Theory and Evidence PDF

By Joop Hartog, Henriëtte Maassen van den Brink

At a time while governments and policy-makers positioned a lot emphasis on 'the wisdom financial system' and the industrial worth of schooling, human capital thought hasn't ever been extra very important. in spite of the fact that, learn during this region is frequently very technical and consequently now not simply obtainable to those that desire to use it as a consultant to coverage formation. This ebook presents an interface among such examine and its capability functions in executive, schooling and enterprise. Reporting on an incredible learn initiative, new findings are provided in a non-technical approach on 3 significant topics: measuring the advantages from human capital, functions of the human capital version, and coverage interventions. aimed toward educational researchers and execs all in favour of the issues and methods of human capital idea, it is going to even be beneficial for graduate classes at the economics of schooling to enrich commonplace textbooks.

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Without government action, there will be underinvestment in human capital from a social viewpoint. Human capital and technology adoption In the endogenous growth model by Lucas (1988), sustained economic growth is due to the accumulation of human capital over time. An alternative view is that a country’s human capital stock affects the rate of economic growth. For instance, in Romer’s (1990) analysis, innovations are generated by the human capital stock, and Nelson and Phelps (1966) assume that the human capital stock determines the ability to assimilate new technologies.

And A. Krueger (1991). Does compulsory schooling attendance affect schooling and earnings? Quarterly Journal of Economics, 106: 970–1014. Ashenfelter, O. and A. Krueger (1994). Estimates on the economic returns to schooling from a new sample of twins. American Economic Review, 84(5): 1157–73. , C. Harmon and H. Oosterbeek (1999). A review of estimates of the schooling/earnings relationship, with tests for publication bias. Labour Economics, 6: 453–70. 20 Human Capital Blau, F. and L. Kahn (1996).

For instance, a higher level of education has been shown to decrease mortality (Lleras-Muney, 2005), affect voting behaviour (Milligan, Moretti and Oreopoulos, 2004) and reduce criminal activity (Lochner and Moretti, 2004) (cf. 1 If the social return to education is larger than the private return, there are positive externalities to education. If the average education in a 21 22 Human Capital country (or a firm, city or region) has an effect on average wages, and that effect is bigger than the estimated relationship for individuals, we have some evidence of positive static externalities to education.

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