By Lawrence Guy Straus (auth.), Lawrencs Guy Straus, Berit Valentin Eriksen, Jon M. Erlandson, David R. Yesner (eds.)
Humans on the finish of the Ice Age chronicles and explores the importance of the diversity of cultural responses to the worldwide environmental alterations on the final glacial-interglacial boundary. Contributions deal with the character and outcomes of the worldwide weather alterations accompanying the top of the Pleistocene epoch-detailing the character, velocity, and value of the human diversifications that culminated within the improvement of nutrition construction in lots of elements of the area. The textual content is aided via important maps, chronological tables, and charts.
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Additional resources for Humans at the End of the Ice Age: The Archaeology of the Pleistocene—Holocene Transition
Sites with dates for both periods. to the periods 11,000-10,500 BP. (0) and Within individual regions, settlement patterns appear to have been structured differently in the terminal Pleistocene-early Holocene than in the more recent Holocene. Thus, in the Phuthiatsana-ea-Thaba Bosiu Basin of western lesotho, occupation between 12,000 and 5,000 BP focused on large rock shelters (Mitchell1994). In the recent Holocene, a very different settlement signature is indicated by more ephemeral occupation of large shelters, coupled with widespread use of small overhangs and boulders that form rocky backdrops to surface artifact scatters.
1976), ParkingLOn (1977,1980,1986,1992) EQ (Karoo-Namaqualian) Equus Ca\'c 10,800 2: 270 (Pta-4052/57) Vogel el a1. (1986) FK (Karoo-Namaquahan) Faraoskop (Pla-4816) (Pta-4817) Manhire (1993) 10,810 2: 100 11,550 2: 120 Florisbad (Pta-364 3) Kuman and Clarke (1986) 11,700 2: 110 Gobabeb (Pta-2596) Vogel and Visser (198]) 12,800 2: 140 FL (BasuLOhan) GOB (Karoo-Namaqualian) HK (Transvaahan) 9,110 2: 9,4802: 9,780 ::': 10,4302: 12,5902: Heuningneskrans 110 (Lj-3199) 120 (Lj-3198) 85 (Pta-099) 150 (Pta-114) 130 (Lj-3150) HM (Basutolian) Ha 8,3702:80 8,950 2: 80 9,290 2: 90 9,970 2: 90 JS (BasuLOlian) Jubilee Sheller 8,5002:240 (Wits-14361 Makoloko (Pla-519l) (Pta-SI92) (Pta-5204) (Pla- 5205) Beaumont (1981) There is also a date of 7,200 2: 70 HP (Pla-112) from the same layer Mitchell (J 993a) Wadley (1987) (conlmufJ) PETER J.
Some of the best data come from the Transvaalian ecozone, where seeds of severallater staples are preserved at Bushman Rock Shelter (Plug 1981; Wadley 1987), Heuningneskrans (Beaumont 1981), Kruger Cave (Mason 1988), and Umhlatuzana (Kaplan 1990); at Bushman Rock, the stratigraphie distributions of marula (Sclerocarya birrea) seeds and Hypoxis corms are mutually exclusive, suggesting a shift in diet as climate altemated between warmer and colder conditions (Wadley 1987). nara melon seeds (Acanthosicyos horrida) at Zebrarivier and Mirabib, Namibia (Sandelowsky 1977; Wendt 1976), of whieh modem foragers eat both the flesh and the seeds, and several fruiting species at Byneskranskop in the Cape (Schweitzer and Wilson 1982).