By Van Nguyen-Marshall
looking for ethical Authority: The Discourse on Poverty, terrible aid, and Charity in French Colonial Vietnam is a pioneering exploration of the discourses on poverty and poor-relief actions in early twentieth-century Northern Vietnam. Treating poverty as a socially developed suggestion, Van Nguyen-Marshall argues that negative aid was once a website the place either French colonialists and Vietnamese intellectuals vied for ethical authority. For the French colonial officers, bad aid fell in the purview of the French "civilizing" challenge, the reliable justification for imperialism. even if, the colonial schedule, racial prejudices, and the French administrators’ personal ambivalent attitudes towards the negative made any try at terrible reduction doomed for failure. For Vietnamese intellectuals, the discourse and actions on bad reduction grew to become a rallying demand patriotism, nationalism, and, for a few, anti-colonialism. looking for ethical Authority bargains with social matters comparable to charity and negative reduction, in addition to the development of nationwide and gender identification by means of Vietnamese intellectuals. This publication is key interpreting for college students and experts of Vietnamese background in addition to these drawn to problems with poverty, public welfare, and charity.
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Additional info for In Search of Moral Authority: The Discourse on Poverty, Poor Relief, and Charity in French Colonial Vietnam
25 Various provincial administrators noted similar observations—that rice was not in short supply but that the cost made it difficult to procure. In reflecting on how to prevent future famines, the Mayor of Hanoi, Félix Hauser, 36 In Search of Moral Authority wrote: It was absolutely certain that in the last crisis that we suffered, it was not rice that 26 was lacking, but money to buy and to send it rapidly to the regions that lacked it. The Resident of Bac Ninh noted that this problem existed not only for the famine in 1906 but for other subsistence crises as well: I have seen it many times that the shortage crises of the Annamites were the result less of a real scarcity of rice than of the monopolizing done by the moneybags to 27 raise prices.
85 Two years later Tu Duc again ordered provincial and prefecture mandarins to encourage people to set up granaries in their villages. 86 How many village granaries were actually set up in accordance to Tu Duc’s decree is another matter. 87 In other villages, annual fees, sometimes in the form of field taxes, were collected from village members. In most villages, donations from individual village members were encouraged and in times of trouble even coerced. 91 Vietnamese monarchs kept a regular watch over the price of rice, and when it was considered too high, paddy from public granaries would be sold to lower the price.
Prior to the flood of 1915, there had been major flooding in 1909, 1911, and again in 1913. 52 The flood of 1915 was followed by a drought in the spring of 1916, which prolonged and intensified the subsistence crisis. The Resident of Ninh Binh province, J. ”53 Bride reported that three out of seven districts (huyen) in his province were in extreme poverty and needed immediate help. The districts of Yen Hoa, Yen Mo, and Yen Khanh had lost most of their harvest to the flood the year before, and the drought that followed made their land uncultivable.