Download PDF by Deborah A. Fraioli: Joan of Arc and the Hundred Years War

By Deborah A. Fraioli

When in Henry II of britain married Eleanor of Aquitaine of France in 1154 A.D., he grew to become instantly the reigning sovereign over an enormous stretch of land extending throughout all of britain and 1/2 France—and but, in accordance with the feudal hierarchy of the days, a vassal to the King of France. this case, which positioned French and English borders in this type of tenuous place, solidified the precarious flooring on which the Hundred Years struggle used to be to be fought 183 years later. This epic border conflict—which used to be contemporaneous with the age of well known uprisings and the Bubonic Plague, fought in accordance with enduring notions of chivalry and the budding delight of nationality, and which numbered between its members Richard II, the Black Prince of Wales, Henry IV, Henry V, and Charles of Navarre—ultimately depended upon a peasant lady, Joan of Arc, to augment the French excellent of a sacred nation, swing the pendulum once again towards the French, and convey this perennial clash to an end.

When in 1154 A.D. Henry II of britain married Eleanor of Aquitaine of France, he grew to become immediately the reigning sovereign over an enormous stretch of land extending throughout all of britain and half France, and but, in response to the feudal hierarchy of the days, a vassal to the King of France. this case, which put French and English borders in any such tenuous place, solidified the precarious floor on which the Hundred Years struggle used to be to be fought 183 years later. This epic border conflict—which was once contemporaneous with the age of well known uprisings and the Bubonic Plague, fought in response to enduring notions of chivalry and the budding delight of nationality, and which numbered between its contributors Richard II, the Black Prince of Wales, Henry IV, Henry V, and Charles of Navarre—ultimately depended upon a peasant lady, Joan of Arc, to enhance the French excellent of a sacred state, swing the pendulum once again towards the French, and convey this perennial clash to an end.

Topics of the topic essays were chosen to teach the range of this advanced conflict, and contain discussions of: the origins of the warfare; the age of renowned uprising; chivalry's influence on 14th and fifteenth century war; the faith of the monarchy and the function of sacred kingship within the construction of the French monarchy; and Joan of Arc's realizing of the battle. An annotated timeline and a chronology of French and English Kings supply readers with an easy-to-follow review of the Hundred Years battle and the rulers who presided over it. Nineteen biographical sketches of key French and English figures lend a human point to ancient names; and 14 annotated fundamental files breathe clean existence into the subject, and supply scholars and readers with a brand new examine the interval. The ebook concludes with an annotated bibliography and index.

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Whilst in Henry II of britain married Eleanor of Aquitaine of France in 1154 A. D. , he grew to become instantly the reigning sovereign over an enormous stretch of land extending throughout all of britain and 1/2 France—and but, in accordance with the feudal hierarchy of the days, a vassal to the King of France. this case, which positioned French and English borders in any such tenuous place, solidified the precarious floor on which the Hundred Years conflict used to be to be fought 183 years later.

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1152 Annulment of marriage of Louis VII of France and Eleanor of Aquitaine. 1154 Henry II Plantagenet succeeds to throne of England. Becomes vassal of king of France for new wife Eleanor’s province of Aquitaine. 1259 Treaty of Paris. Louis IX of France cedes Aquitaine to Henry III of England, but demands homage, a root cause of the Hundred Years War. 1302 Battle of the Golden Spurs. Flemish infantry, rebelling against suzerain Philip IV of France, defeats French cavalry under Robert of Artois. 1323 Maritime Flanders rebels against Flemish count Louis of Nevers, vassal of French king.

1380 Charles V dies. Son Charles VI succeeds to throne of France. Thirty-five-year cessation of fighting in Hundred Years War begins. 1381 Wat Tyler leads Peasants’ Revolt. 1382 January 26: Philip van Artevelde, son of Jacob van Artevelde, becomes captain of Ghent. February: Rebellion in Rouen known as the Harelle. March: Rebellion in Paris known as the Maillotins. Chronology xxxv November 27: Philip the Bold, duke of Burgundy, crushes three-year rebellion in Flanders by victory at Roosebeke. 1383 English forces under Henry Despenser launch doomed offensive to aid Ghent against Philip the Bold, taking only Flemish seacoast to Ypres.

1431 May 30: Joan of Arc burned at Rouen after conviction for heresy. 1435 Peace of Arras ends French civil war. 1436 Charles VII retakes Paris. 1450 Normandy retaken. 1453 Hundred Years War ends. Charles takes full possession of Aquitaine. Only Calais remains in English hands. CHRONOLOGY OF FRENCH AND ENGLISH KINGS FRANCE Direct Capetians Hugh Capet Robert II the Pious Henry I Philip I Louis VI Louis VII Philip II Augustus Louis VIII Louis IX (Saint Louis) Philip III Philip IV the Fair Louis X John I the Posthumus Philip V the Tall Charles IV the Fair 987–996 996–1031 1031–1059 1059–1108 1108–1137 1137–1180 1180–1223 1223–1226 1226–1270 1270–1285 1285–1314 1314–1316 1316 1316–1322 1322–1328 Valois Dynasty Philip VI of Valois John II the Good Charles V the Wise Charles VI Charles VII 1328–1350 1350–1364 1364–1380 1380–1422 1422–1461 Chronology of French and English Kings xl ENGLAND Normans William the Conqueror William II Henry I Stephen 1066–1087 1087–1100 1100–1135 1135–1154 Plantagenet Dynasty Henry II of Anjou Richard I John Henry III Edward I Edward II Edward III Richard II 1154–1189 1189–1199 1199–1216 1216–1272 1272–1307 1307–1327 1327–1377 1377–1399 House of Lancaster Henry IV Henry V Henry VI 1399–1413 1413–1422 1422–1461, 1470–1471 Philip III the Bold (r.

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