By Mark Peffley
As reactions to the O. J. Simpson verdict, the Rodney King beating, and the Amadou Diallo killing clarify, whites and African american citizens within the usa inhabit various perceptual worlds, with the previous seeing the justice procedure as mostly reasonable and colour blind and the latter believing it to be replete with bias and discrimination. Drawing on facts from a nation-wide survey of either races, the authors take on vital questions during this e-book: what explains the commonly differing perceptions, and why do such alterations topic? They characteristic a lot of the racial chasm to the fairly universal own confrontations that many blacks have with legislations enforcement - confrontations seldom skilled via whites. And extra importantly, the authors display that this racial chasm is consequential: it leads African american citizens to react even more cynically to incidents of police brutality and racial profiling, and in addition to be way more skeptical of punitive anti-crime rules starting from the demise penalty to three-strikes legislation.
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Extra info for Justice in America: The Separate Realities of Blacks and Whites
Although some of the information may touch upon the demographic and behavioral characteristics of those processed through the criminal justice system, the most prevalent, and the most digestible, information will focus squarely on the gross disproportionalities in outcomes. Thus, despite Tyler’s contention that perceptions of process are responsible for the judgments that individuals make of the justice system, we contend (and will do so in more detail in the next chapter) that outcomes are equally importantÂ€– especially for groups like African Americans who can make obvious inferences based on such outcomes.
The death penalty, three-strikes laws, and building prisons), perceptions of whether the justice system is fair (at various levels of abstraction), personal experiences with legal authorities, stereotypes of both Whites and Blacks, and more generic views of crime and punishment. To a large extent, the analytical leverage in the NRCS is provided by a series of survey experiments, made possible through Computer Assisted Telephone Interviewing (CATI), a methodology that enables the researcher to embed an almost infinite number and variety of experimental manipulations in an otherwise standard instrument.
Supp. D. Ill. 1994]). It should by now be clear that examinations of discrimination must be interpreted carefully because the literature is replete with controversy and ambiguity. What constitutes discrimination for one scholar does not do so for another, leading to substantial disagreements between criminological experts. , Langan 1994; Dixon 1995; cf. Johnson and Jones 1998; Huebner and Bynum 2008). ”4 Their updated and wide-ranging examination of the statistical evidence concludes that “Persuasive evidence indicates that racial minorities suffer discrimination at the hands of the police … and within the court system” (358–9).