By Robert Staughton Lynd
Contents: Foreword ix; I. Social technology in predicament 1; II. the concept that of "Culture" eleven; III. The trend of yank tradition fifty four; IV. The Social Sciences as instruments 114; V. Values and the Social Sciences a hundred and eighty; VI. a few Outrageous Hypotheses 202; Index 251
Originally released in 1939.
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Extra info for Knowledge for What: The Place of Social Science in American Culture
For the most part, social scientists have lost "the per son" below their horizon, as they move along busily ploughing their respective research furrows. Most of them just have not quite known what to do with individuals, dwarfed as the latter are by the magnitude and power of current institutions. Many, when their attention is called to individuals, shrug their shoulders and pass them off with a sigh of relief to the psychologist, trusting that the unseen hand of this disciplinary division of labor will eventually fit the jig-saw puzzle of science together.
Everywhere men are en gaged in getting a living, in living with the other sex and rearing young, in making group decisions and maintaining sanctions and taboos, in performing some sort of religious practices, and in carrying on patterned forms of leisure. It has been relatively easy for the anthropologist, studying the simpler ways of living of a compact tribe, to recognize and to stress the wholeness and interrelatedness of a cul ture. If we specialized social scientists; engaged in study ing our own elaborate institutional world, have lost sight of our "culture" in our preoccupation with "prices," "pro duction," "sovereignty," and "divorce legislation," it is not because our culture is basically different from other cultures, or because it is not a continuum.
Analysis of labor actually on the job and at home, of labor's motivations and frustrations,17 and Professor Mitchell's article, continued to stress economic behavior refreshingly in his subsequent books, as he had in those that had preceded. 17 R. B. Hershey of the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania, 1 made an interesting try at this type of analysis in his Workers' Emotions in Shop and Home (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1932), as did Elton Mayo, of the Harvard School of Business Administration, in his studies at the Western Electric Company's Hawthorne (Chicago) plant.