By Michael P. Breen
Law, urban, and King presents very important new insights into the transformation of political participation and recognition between city notables who bridged the distance among neighborhood society and the nation in early glossy France. Breen's special study exhibits how the informed, socially-middling avocats who staffed Dijon's municipality used legislations, patronage, and the opposite assets at their disposal to guard the town council's authority and their very own participation in neighborhood governance. Drawing on juridical and historic experts, the avocats favourite a conventional perception of restricted ''absolute'' monarchy more and more at odds with royal ideology. regardless of their efforts to withstand the monarchy's progress, the growth of royal energy below Louis XIV ultimately excluded Dijon's avocats from the French country. In starting up new views at the neighborhood workings of the French kingdom and the studies of these who participated in it, Law, urban, and King recasts debates approximately absolutism and early glossy country formation. by way of concentrating on the political alienation of notables who had lengthy associated the crown to provincial society, Breen explains why Louis XIV's collaborative absolutism didn't undergo. even as, the book's exam of attorneys' political actions and concepts offers insights into the transformation of French political tradition within the many years major as much as the French Revolution.
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Extra resources for Law, City, and King: Legal Culture, Municipal Politics, and State Formation in Early Modern Dijon
It focuses on their return to more “constitutionalist” modes of political thought that stressed limits on royal power and reaffirmed the right of subjects to political participation through various corporate bodies and intermediate institutions. The final chapter begins by examining the increasing numbers of commentaries by Dijon’s avocats on the customary laws of Burgundy. It closes with a detailed analysis of Claude Gilbert’s utopian Histoire de Caléjava, ou l’isle des hommes raisonnables (1700).
Indd Sec1:25 5/21/2007 7:35:12 PM 26 Introduction use of print to use their collective reason to debate public affairs. The new “bourgeois public” developed as a result of the state’s growth and its increasingly continuous activity in the lives of its subjects. Mounting fiscal pressures and the need to supply, maintain, and discipline ever-larger armies led, in turn, to larger and more active bureaucracies. The increasing depersonalization of the state, Habermas argues, fostered the creation of civil society, a development that coincided with the expansion of finance and trade capitalism.
46 Unlike judges, procureurs, and other legal officials, avocats did not own an office and did not belong to a professional corporation. Instead, they were free to consult and plead for individuals as they saw fit. Although there was a society of avocats in Dijon, it was considered to be a free association of individuals with limited ability to represent the bar as a whole or even to discipline its members. 47 Because the avocat’s profession emphasized education and individual ability over birth and inherited status, it was one of the ancien régime’s preeminent avenues of social mobility.