Download PDF by Richard J. Samuels: Machiavelli’s Children: Leaders and Their Legacies in Italy

By Richard J. Samuels

Late-developing countries, Japan and Italy, equally keen about attaining modernity and with becoming a member of the ranks of the nice powers, have traveled parallel classes with very assorted nationwide identities. during this audacious publication approximately management and historic offerings, Richard J. Samuels emphasizes the function of human ingenuity in political swap. He attracts on interviews and archival examine in a desirable sequence of paired biographies of political and enterprise leaders from Italy and Japan.

Beginning with the founding of contemporary realms after the Meiji recovery and the Risorgimento, Samuels lines the developmental dynamic in either international locations in the course of the failure of early liberalism, the arriving of fascism, imperial adventures, defeat in wartime, and reconstruction as American allies. Highlights of Machiavelli's kids comprise new bills of the making of postwar jap politics-using American funds and Manchukuo connections-and of the cave in of Italian political events within the fresh fingers (Mani Pulite) scandal.

The writer additionally tells the more moderen tales of Umberto Bossi's nearby scan, the Lega Nord, the various offerings made through Italian and eastern communist social gathering leaders after the cave in of the USSR, and the management of Silvio Berlusconi and Ishihara Shintar at the modern correct in each one nation.

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Extra resources for Machiavelli’s Children: Leaders and Their Legacies in Italy and Japan

Sample text

Yamagata built authori­ tarianism into the modern Japanese state. We begin with the opportuni­ ties they perceived, and then explore their choices and legacies. O p p o r t u n it ie s There was no greater opportunity for dramatic historical change than the one presented by Commodore Matthew Perry when he sailed his “black ships” into Tokyo Bay in July 1853. The shogun—the fifteenth descendent of the founder, Tokugawa Ieyasu—was stuck. His legitimacy was based upon effective defense against foreigners, but he lacked the mili­ tary capability to repel such advanced and determined barbarians.

8 They sapped the strength of the new state, which consequently had great difficulty establishing its authority evenly throughout the peninsula. Per­ sistent unrest was called brigandage by the young liberal state as a way to understate the problem, but it was nothing less than civil war. More sol­ diers fought and died in the aftershocks of unification than in the Risorgimento itself. 9 The young Meiji state repressed a smaller number of more limited chal­ lenges to its claim to power, but civil conflict did not end until nearly a decade after the Restoration.

51 Likewise, Mitsui cashed in on having been banker to the Restoration forces. Ansaldo also used its political connections to get contracts for navy vessels and military equipment in a manner wholly reminiscent of Mit­ subishi. 52 The most striking difference in late development was Italy’s extended 29 C r e a t io n S t o r ie s embrace of free trade. 53 Unlike the Japanese oligarchs, many Risorgimento elites had limited hopes for and indeed feared industrialization. Those who encouraged it did so in the hope that foreigners would provide the financing.

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