Clive Holes's Modern Arabic, Revised Edition: Modern Arabic: Structures, PDF

By Clive Holes

The revised and up-to-date version of Modern Arabic takes this authoritative, concise linguistic description of the constitution and use of recent Arabic to a useful new point. Clive Holes strains the improvement of the Arabic language from Classical Arabic, the written language utilized in the seventh century for the Qur'an and poetry, during the more and more symbiotic use of recent usual Arabic or MSA (the language of writing and formal speech) and dialectal Arabic (the language of standard conversation). He exhibits how Arabic has been formed over the centuries via migration, urbanization, and schooling -- giving us "a balanced, dispassionate, and exact photo of the constructions, features, and types of the modern Arabic language."

Holes explains the structural features -- phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, and lexical and stylistic advancements -- that almost all of the dialects proportion, as unusual from smooth usual Arabic. He additionally exhibits how local audio system use either kinds of Arabic for various reasons, with MSA being the language of energy and keep an eye on as used on tv and in political speeches, and the dialects serving because the language of intimacy and domesticity. He extra exhibits how MSA and spoken dialects will not be as compartmentalized as one should be ended in think. sleek Arabic illustrates using the Arabic language in genuine lifestyles, no matter if in dialog, information announcements and newspaper articles, severe literature, or song.

This new version takes into consideration examine released in different parts of Arabic linguistics because the first variation was once released in 1995. It contains extra wide touch upon the North African Arabic vocabulary of contemporary ordinary Arabic, additional information approximately "mixed" sorts of written Arabic that aren't in MSA (especially in Egypt), up-to-date references, causes, and lots of new examples. All Arabic is transcribed, aside from an appendix featuring the Arabic alphabet and script. scholars of the Arabic language will locate Modern Arabic without peer -- as will these common linguists who're drawn to getting to know how Arabic compares structurally and sociolinguistically with eu languages.

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Extra resources for Modern Arabic, Revised Edition: Modern Arabic: Structures, Functions, and Varieties

Example text

In the present state of our knowledge the question is largely one of taste. 44 Syllables with secondary stress show a compromise between the behaviour of fully stressed and unstressed vowels. Long vowels are regularly reduced to short vowels and diphthongs are both lowered to ea (< io, eo) and reduced to a. Examples of the reduction of diphthongs are: s7iptearo, s7iptaran ‘pitch’ alongside teoru ‘tar’. 43. 1 Therefore in this work originally long vowels in secondary- or weak-stressed syllables will not be marked for length.

The consistency of the spellings in EpGl, ErfGl, however, indicate that at that time, possibly only in Merc, [b] was still an allophone of /b/ rather than /f/. 58. 53. 10, closely related to CorpGl, has no such examples of 〈b〉. For a listing of forms and discussion, see Chadwick (1899: 232–40), also Wynn (1956: §109), Pheifer (1974: §69). 3 In wbobud 〈b〉 may represent [b], see Campbell (1959: §461n3), and nwfre, nwbre is of uncertain etymology. Other forms are probably Latinisms, see Brunner (1965: §191A2), Cosijn (1888a: §130), which leaves only frbbranne as reliable.

Note here Stockwell and Barritt’s initial proposal (1951: 13) that ‘In the case of the back allophone of /æ/ . . the off-glide . . was a part of the articulation of the following consonant’, a proposal they later rejected in Stockwell and Barritt (1955: 376). 26 Stockwell and Barritt (1951, 1955, 1961) and Stockwell (1958) agree with Daunt in claiming that the second element of the digraphs was diacritical, but differ in asserting that its purpose was to indicate a ‘back’ (= centralized and possibly lowered) allophone of the relevant monophthong.

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