By Angelo Del Boca, Antony Shugaar
This booklet offers an important background of Italy’s brutal profession of Libya. utilizing the lens of the lifetime of the enduring resistance fighter Mohamed Fekini, it tells the tale of Libya below Ottoman and Italian rule from the perspective of the colonized. the tale starts off with the onset of Italian profession in 1911-12, comprises the the most important interval of the anti-Italian jihad, from 1921 to 1930, and maintains during the postwar production of a united Libya below King Idris in 1947.
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Extra resources for Mohamed Fekini and the Fight to Free Libya (Italian and Italian American Studies)
In reality, Baruni was a great menace in the heart of the Muslim army. His mendacity provided the enemy a great service at a low cost, because he had dealt a murderous blow to the enthusiastic esprit of the fighters, who were now disheartened. 3 Continuing his attack upon his former ally, Mohamed Fekini explained that the Turkish military leaders “had maintained silence in order to preserve unity and solidarity during the war. ”4 To justify his bitterness and disillusionment, Fekini explained that Suleiman el-Baruni, exploiting his close ties with the Turkish supreme command, had rid himself of Omar Arrab Bey by sending him away from the front and stranding him in Fassatu with the job of kaymakam.
13 Nor should we overlook the Berber notables, such as Yusuf Cherbisc; Khalifa ben Askar; Sultan ben Shaban; and first and foremost, Suleiman el-Baruni, who had completed his studies at the al-Zaytuna University and at the al-Azhar University in Cairo, and who had been elected representative for Jebel Nefusa in 1908. None of these chieftains were lacking courage in combat, great cultural knowledge, or a profound patriotism. Unfortunately, however, they were not unified. Among the causes of division were religious and ethnic considerations and rivalry over control of territory.
In point 1, for instance, he wrote: “The enemy always tends to occupy the center of the vilayet, remaining behind his forts and trenches, where he holds fast. It will take a great store of patience, new fighting strategies, and especially a large number of soldiers. ” With reference to this need for further recruitment efforts, Fekini noted in point 5: It is necessary to inform all the furthest regions of the situation. We should find out why no fighters have come from Fezzan, Orfella, Sirte, the oases di Al Jufrah, or Nalut, or Ghadames.