Download PDF by Stuart Carroll: Noble Power during the French Wars of Religion: The Guise

By Stuart Carroll

Noble affinities have been the essence of strength in sixteenth-century France. this can be the 1st ebook to research the improvement of a noble following in the course of the entire process the Wars of faith. The Guise have been one of many maximum households of Christendom and this can be the 1st vast paintings on them for a century. In Normandy, a stronghold of Protestantism, they outfitted a powerful ultra-Catholic get together that eventually challenged the monarchy. This booklet breaks new floor via discussing all teams in political society, from overseas dynastic politics to peasant riot.

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Two sons and two daughters had been designated for the church from an early age. 7 In 1549 the king made the fifth son, François, grand prieur of France, ensuring that the inheritance would be divided only among three male heirs. François obtained special dispensation from the pope permitting him to hold the office without taking holy orders. 9 The eldest son, François, received all those lands outside Normandy, namely in Picardy, Champagne, Provence, Lorraine and the Maine. The Norman possessions were divided up between two younger sons.

Anthropologists have argued for the complexities of feuding and recognised it as an organised institution. 11 The feud with the Mon­tmorency dominated Guise family strategy and exacerbated the breakdown of order in the 1560s, but it is only the most notorious example of a more widespread phenomenon. Political action cannot simply be confined to an aristocratic elite, since magnate affinities were not only composed of sword nobles. Aristocratic influence was extensive among urban oligarchies before the Wars of Religion, and during the civil wars magnates attempted to expand their urban power bases.

As early as May 1562 the catholic authorities of Toulouse called on the support of the religiously conservative peasantry in their suppression of the Huguenot uprising. 22 The term ‘affinity’ has been adopted because it best expresses the range of ties in noble followings, of which the patron-client relation­ship was but one aspect. While recognising that the bonds in political society were multifarious, non-exclusive and fluctuated over time, I have concentrated on the factors which reinforced the solidarity of a following.

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