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Additional info for OECD Economic Surveys 2000-2001: France

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But it can also be explained by the increased employment intensity of growth. Here a number of factors exerted a favourable influence: the progressive reduction of employer social insurance contributions since 1993, which increased the demand for low-skill labour; strong growth of activity in the service and construction sectors, both of which are highly labour-intensive; and more recently the shortening of average work hours. The improvement in the labour market also caused a slight fall in jobs with limited tenure (fixed-term contracts, subsidised jobs, apprenticeships).

Source: Stock des investissements directs français à l’étranger au 31 décembre 1999, Bulletin of the Bank of France, July 2001. Additional estimates for 2000 were supplied by the French authorities. 2. Consistent with the recommendations of the IMF Balance of Payments Manual, outward direct investment concerns investments by resident enterprises holding at least 10 per cent of the equity capital of a non-resident enterprise. The capital stock is calculated as comprising the owner’s equity of the non-resident enterprise invested in, plus earnings reinvested in situ by the resident investor, plus loans and deposits from parent company to subsidiary.

3. Prudent growth assumption. 4. 3 per cent growth scenario. 5. 3 per cent growth on a budget accounts basis. 6. As a percentage of GDP. 7. Excluding UMTS receipts. Source: Ministry of the Economy, Finance and Industry. 5 per cent at constant prices) in 2002, a rate slightly higher than in previous years and due in large part to public-service post creations in the sectors of security, justice and education. 8 per cent at current prices) owing to the brisk growth of healthcare consumption and the introduction of the 35-hour work week in public hospitals.

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