New PDF release: Papua New Guinea: The Struggle for Development (Growth

By John Connell

Papua New Guinea is the 1st booklet to discover the industrial improvement of this socially advanced, speedily altering kingdom. topics mentioned comprise: * speedy financial progress and political clash * civil battle at the island of Bougainville * inhabitants development and urbanisation * mining: gold, copper and environmental conflicts * asymmetric improvement and social divisions.

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With inexperienced bureaucrats and minimal local participation, even attempts to coordinate basic services were fraught with problems. Despite the centralisation of power there was no overall development strategy, and no cohesion to government policies. By the arrival of the first United Nations visiting mission in 1950 the indigenous economy remained oriented around subsistence, on which had been grafted the European overlay of coconut, cocoa and rubber plantations. The main themes of the report of the first UN mission, the need for political advancement and secondary education, were to become recurrent issues.

Despite the centralisation of power there was no overall development strategy, and no cohesion to government policies. By the arrival of the first United Nations visiting mission in 1950 the indigenous economy remained oriented around subsistence, on which had been grafted the European overlay of coconut, cocoa and rubber plantations. The main themes of the report of the first UN mission, the need for political advancement and secondary education, were to become recurrent issues. When Paul Hasluck, newly appointed Australian Minister for Territories, made his first visit to the territory in 1951 he recorded: ‘one very vivid first impression… was that the habits and outlook of colonialism permeated the place.

Though now consolidated in a Five Year Plan, there was little actual planning and the 1962 visiting United Nations mission criticised Australia for failing to formulate and implement plans. THE WORLD BANK PRESCRIPTION Despite hesitant planning efforts the economic growth of Papua and New Guinea up to 1963 was uncoordinated. Public finance was dependent on Australian aid, though the introduction of taxation meant that a third of all public revenue came 22 THE CONSTRAINTS OF LATE DEVELOPMENT from local levies and the taxation of expatriates.

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