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By Lawrence Susskind, Michael Elliott

A study crew from the USA has accomplished an exam of citizen participation experiments in seven ecu nations. The group incorporated Donald Appleyard, Marc Draisen, David Godschalk, Chester Hartman, Janice Perlman, Hans Spiegel, John Zeisel, and ourselves. This booklet is a fabricated from our joint efforts. Our reviews are geared toward summarizing and sharing what should be realized from contemporary eu efforts to augment the effectiveness of neighborhood executive via elevated public involvement within the association and administration of public prone and concrete redevelopment. virtually a 12 months used to be spent assembling the workforce, constructing a shared framework for research and picking out acceptable case­ examine towns. ecu and American public officers and citizen activists helped us determine the aptitude impression of this kind of examine on present perform. A moment yr was once spent vacationing the eu towns and getting ready the case-study drafts. eventually, group participants accrued in Washington, D. C. , with fifty American and ecu public officers, citizen activists, and students. A two-day symposium supplied an exhilarating chance to give initial learn findings and inspire an trade of rules among researchers, activists, and policymakers. the ultimate models of the case reviews that seem during this e-book, besides numerous commentaries by way of symposium individuals, are written particularly for urban officers and citizen activists. we've got attempted to translate the result of our scholarly inquiry into pragmatic feedback for officers and activists.

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Extra info for Paternalism, Conflict, and Coproduction: Learning from Citizen Action and Citizen Participation in Western Europe

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She stayed there for three years while the tenants fought for reform of the pension. Even for the small two-room flat the woman was living in, the rent was 1,900 kroner as compared with 300 kroner, which is 15% of her pension. Under the law, she could not be expelled and is still living there at 300 kroner per month. The second citizen action group, Red Rose, was founded about 10 years ago and defines its membership as everyone living in the area. It has 30 to 40 activists in the core group and is best known for its manual entitled The Red Rose Book: Greetings to Neighbors, Friends, and Enemies from Inhabitants of the Area.

A recent reform of planning and urban renewal law clarifies this threelevel process and also provides for considerable citizen involvment. For example, the creation of the Municipal Plan now requires a first draft that is to be thoroughly discussed by citizens. Information must be widely distributed and discussion meetings arranged for three or more months. Then, according to the new regulations, a reformulated draft plan is to be publicized together with alternative views which, however, can only be proposed by members of the city council.

Workgroup 2000, an independent consulting group, enters into a working relationship with a city only if the city will agree to allow municipal planners to perform services for residents as well as the government, stipulating in a policy document the limits to the planning process, encouraging the development of alternative plans, and sharing information with all the parties involved. In the Schilderswijk neighborhood of The Hague, a nonbinding letter from the City Council stating its desire to help current residents to remain in the neighborhood following redevelopment was a sufficient accord to encourage residents to coproduce the redevelopment plan.

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