By Sharon Kettering
A daring new examine of politics and tool in 17th-century France, this e-book argues that the French Crown centralized its energy nationally by means of altering how it delegated its royal patronage within the provinces. in this interval, the royal executive of Paris progressively prolonged its sphere of keep an eye on by means of taking strength clear of the robust and probably disloyal provincial governors and the Aristocracy and as a substitute placing it within the arms of provincial strength brokers--regional notables who cooperated with the Paris ministers in trade for his or her patronage. the recent alliances among the Crown's ministers and dependable provincial elites functioned as political machines on behalf of the Crown, resulting in smoother regional-national cooperation and foreshadowing the bureaucratic kingdom that was once to stick with.
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Extra info for Patrons, Brokers, and Clients in Seventeenth-Century France
They were power figures in their own right, nearly equal in status to their patrons. In fact, their relationship was patron-client only because an ally was dependent upon his patron in some way. The relationship was easily transformed into a political friendship when this was no longer true. Allies ceased to be clients and became friends when they did not absolutely need what they received from a patron. 172 Brokers were similar to allies in having independent resources and impersonal relationships with their patrons, but they had a brokering function in addition (see chapter 2).
In order to keep his status and prestige and to display the wealth that promised generosity to his clients, thereby increasing his power, a great noble needed to maintain a large household. Grands or great nobles could easily have 100 salaried individuals on their staff, the majority stationed at one or perhaps two provincial chateaux. 150 Households had two basic groups of members, administrators and domestic servants. The administrative staff of the princes de Conde included an intendant of the household with overall responsibility for its smooth running; the intendant supervised secretaries, bookkeepers, accountants, recordkeepers and file clerks, lawyers and legal agents, estate administrators and managers.
For example, was depth of emotion enough to distinguish fidelity as a separate relationship from other patron-client relationships? Did the scandalousness and unpleasantness of a break indicate deep emotion and thus a fidelity relationship? Were rancorous partings only characteristic of fidelity relationships? If it was illegitimate to break a fidelity relationship, although this occurred often, did such a relationship exhibit fidelity as Mousnier has described it? Would not such a relationship be infrequently or never broken?