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Extra resources for Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting: Materials, Processes and Architectures
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The dependence of Csc on the potential drop across the space charge region (Dfsc) is given by the Mott–Schottky equation (here for an n-type electrode) ! 1 2 kB T ¼ Dfsc À ð2:2Þ 2 Csc Nd ee0 q For low or moderately doped semiconductors under depletion conditions, CHcCsc, so that it is often assumed that changes in electrode potential appear mainly across the space charge region. In this case, Dfsc can be replaced by U – Ufb, where U is the applied potential. However, for many of the materials that are studied in the context of water splitting, this approximation may not be valid for several reasons.