Wayne Flynt's Poor But Proud: Alabama's Poor Whites PDF

By Wayne Flynt

This meticulous reconstruction of the lives of bad whites within the center of Dixie is a version learn inviting new recognize for a those who have suffered from common and carrying on with stereotyping.The word "poor yet proud" aptly describes many white Alabamians who settled the nation and endured via time. throughout the antebellum years, terrible whites constructed a particular tradition at the outer edge of the cotton belt. As herdsmen, subsistence farmers, mill employees, and miners, they flourished in a society extra popular for its two-class department of planters and slaves. the recent Deal period and the appearance of global struggle II broke the lengthy downward spiral of poverty and afforded new possibilities for upward mobility.  Wayne Flynt addresses the lifestyles reviews of negative whites via their occupations, society, and tradition. He explores their family members constitution, track, faith, folklore, crafts, and politics and describes their makes an attempt to unravel their very own difficulties via exertions unions and political activities. He finds that a lot of our stereotypes approximately terrible whites are wildly exaggerated; few have been derelicts or "white trash." even supposing racism, emotionalism, and a penchant for violence have been attainable between negative whites, such a lot bore their problems with dignity and self-respect, operating tough to finally carry themselves out of poverty.  First released in 1989 by way of The collage of Alabama Press, bad yet Proud was once met with severe acclaim and presented the 1990 Lillian Smith prize in nonfiction, in addition to being named a decision striking educational e-book. This new paperback model will make the vintage paintings to be had for basic readers, bookstores, and school rooms.

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Additional resources for Poor But Proud: Alabama's Poor Whites

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During the 1850s Dallas experienced a high degree of white mobility based on class. Although several factors influenced who left and who Page 12 stayed, the most consistent and dramatic variable was wealth. The wealthiest whites were the most likely to remain, whereas 8 percent of the tenants, overseers, and agricultural day laborers left the county during the decade. Small yeomen and the rural poor could not successfully compete against planters. And perhaps their proximity to planters and their scattered settlement made them less socially secure and confident.

Farmers produced 109,000 pounds of butter, though their cotton yield ranked them no higher than twenty-seventh among the state's counties. 30 Land was no longer the primary concern of citizens, a fact symbolized by the change of the county's name. By 1858 Thomas H. Benton was considered a traitor to the South because of his waffling on the slave question. With the ascendancy of slavery as the compelling issue among all classes of whites, the county was renamed in honor of secessionist Senator John C.

5¢69¢09761 88-20859 ISBN 0-8173-0424-x (alk. paper) British Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data available. SECOND PRINTING 1990 Page v TO ANCESTORS REMEMBERED Julius Homer and Annie Phoebe Flynt Felix Maxwell and Shirley Belle Moore Lou Allen and Mae House Harris Washington and Julia Ann Smith Page vii CONTENTS Preface ix Part One Origins Chapter 1 "Unknown and Forgotten Ancestors" 3 Chapter 2 "A Poor Man's Fight" 36 Part Two Occupations Chapter 3 "Looking for Something Better": Alabama's Farm Tenants 59 Chapter 4 "A Sight to Gratify Any Philanthropist": Alabama's Textile Workers 92 Chapter 5 "Dark as a Dungeon, Damp as a Dew": Alabama's Coal Miners 113 Chapter 6 "A Man That's Lumbering as Long as Me Knows a Few Things": Alabama's Timber Workers 146 Chapter 7 "Barefoot Man at the Gate": Iron Workers and Appalachian Farmers 157 Part Three Society, Culture, and Politics Chapter 8 "We Ain't Low-Down": Poor White Society 173 Chapter 9 "Out of the Dust": Poor Folks' Culture 211 Chapter 10 "The Fight Is Not Social": The Politics of Poverty 243 Page viii Part Four Disruption and Integration Chapter 11 "We Didn't Know the Difference": The Great Depression 281 Chapter 12 "The Poor You Have with You Always": The Enduring Legacy 333 Appendix 1 White Tenancy in Ten Selected Alabama Counties in 1880 367 Appendix 2 1897 Populist Voting Patterns and Agricultural Indigence in 1880 378 Notes 380 Bibliography 428 Index 453 Page ix PREFACE The most fundamental question concerning Albama's poor whites is also the hardest to answer: how does one define them?

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