By Julian Perry Robinson
This moment version just like the first analyses the general public overall healthiness points of the potential opposed use of organic or chemical brokers. It describes how organic and chemical brokers might endanger public future health; presents the traditional rules of possibility analyses that Member States may possibly adopt to arrange for the planned liberate of organic or chemical brokers; and provides nationwide and foreign legislation together with their strength position in mobilizing overseas tips and to be had assets of such suggestions. Seven technical annexes conceal chemical brokers pollution organic brokers ideas of defense precautions opposed to the sabotage of drinking-water meals and different items details assets and the association of WHO Member States to the foreign treaties on organic and chemical guns.
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Extra resources for Public Health Response to Biological and Chemical Weapons: WHO Guidance
Chemical-weapons proliferation in the Middle East. In: Karsh E, Navias MS, Sabin P, eds. Non-conventional-weapons proliferation in the Middle East. Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1993:69–98. 7. Williams P, Wallace D. Unit 731: the Japanese Army’s secret of secrets. London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1989. 8. Harris SH. Factories of death: Japanese biological warfare 1932–1945 and the American cover up. London, Routledge, 1994. 9. North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Standing Group, von Kármán Committee. Future developments in chemical warfare, from the report of Working Group X on Chemical, Biological and Radiological Defence, March 1961, as distributed to the UK Ministry of Defence Advisory Council on Scientific Research and Technical Development, paper No.
IV/4, 30 October 1996. 24 * Public health response to biological and chemical weapons—WHO guidance 13. Biotechnology and genetic engineering: implications for the development of new warfare agents. United States of America, Department of Defense, 1996. 14. British Medical Association. Biotechnology, weapons and humanity. London, Harwood Academic Publishers, 1999. 16. Dando M. Benefits and threats of developments in biotechnology and genetic engineering. In: Stockholm International Peace Research Institute Yearbook 1999: armaments, disarmament and international security.
A salient factor here is the demonstrable existence of increasingly severe technological constraint as that far mass-destruction end of the spectrum has been approached: the greater and more assured the area-effectiveness sought for the weapon, the greater the practical difficulties of achieving it. There are, in short, inherent technical limitations that the threat assessment should take into account. Consider, for example, some of the problems of conveying an agent to its intended target. Toxic or infective materials can be spread through drinking-water or foodstuffs but, as explained in Annex 5, their effects would then be expected to remain localized unless the contaminated items were themselves widely distributed or unless any biological agent that had been used succeeded in initiating contagious disease.