By G. P. Biswas, Sushanta Mukhopadhyay
The ebook is predicated at the examine papers provided in moment overseas convention on contemporary Advances in info expertise (RAIT 2014), held at Indian university of Mines, Dhanbad, India. It offers the most recent advancements within the sector of knowledge know-how and covers quite a few subject matters, together with complicated set of rules layout and research, Algorithmic Graph conception, man made Intelligence, Bioinformatics, Circuit layout Automation, Computational Biology, Computational arithmetic, Cryptology, facts Compression, Database administration method, facts Mining, E-Applications, Embedded method, details and community safeguard, info Retrieval, net Computing, and so on. the target is to familiarize the reader with the newest clinical advancements which are occurring in a variety of fields and the most recent subtle challenge fixing instruments which are being built to house the complicated and complex difficulties which are another way tough to unravel through the standard and standard methods.
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Extra resources for Recent Advances in Information Technology: RAIT-2014 Proceedings
The total count of pixels in each object gives the approximate area of the object. Also, the shape of these regions may be used to analyze the granulometric attributes of the objects. 4 Demonstration of the Proposed Method A step-wise demonstration of the proposed method on a coffee bean image is shown in Fig. 4. The input coffee bean image shown in Fig. 4a contains a numbers of beans colored as black. The outer isothetic covers (both hole OIC and border OIC indicated in red) are shown in Fig. 4b.
For each extracted word image, we compute DCT, its coefficient matrix and decompose into different directions such as horizontal, vertical, left and right diagonals plus mean and standard deviations of the decomposed components. 35 % in average. Keywords Discrete cosine transform identification Multi-script document Á Á Rotation invariant features Á Script 1 Introduction In document image processing, multi-script handwritten character recognition has been received an important attention since a few decades.
Mishra (&) Á G. P. com G. P. com S. K. H. com G. P. Biswas and S. 1007/978-81-322-1856-2_4, Ó Springer India 2014 27 28 M. K. Mishra et al. 1 Introduction In 1985, ElGamal  proposed ElGamal encryption scheme using CA-PKC that requires PKI to maintain the public keys and the corresponding certificates. The ECC-based [2, 3] ElGamal encryption (PKI-EE) scheme  in PKI is shown to be promising over the earlier scheme in terms of security and computation cost. Since ECC-based PKI-EE scheme used elliptic curve point addition and multiplication operations that are much faster than modular exponentiation based on which the earlier scheme was proposed .