By Security, and Cooperation Office for Central Europe and Eurasia Development, Policy and Global Affairs, National Research Council, Russian Academy of Sciences
Few international locations have persevered as many assaults of terrorism in the past 20 years as has Russia. From bombings at the streets of a few towns, to the disruption of pipelines in Dagestan, to the taking of thousands of hostages at a cultural middle in Moscow and at a faculty in Beslan, the Russian govt has replied to many political and technical demanding situations to guard the inhabitants. The measures which have been undertaken to minimize vulnerabilities to terrorist assaults and to mitigate the results of assaults were of common curiosity in lots of different international locations to boot. In June 1999, the Presidents of the nationwide Academy of Sciences and the Russian Academy of Sciences initiated an inter-academy software to together tackle universal pursuits within the box of counter-terrorism. 4 workshops have been held from 2001 to 2007 and extra consultations have been undertaken ahead of and after the sequence of workshops. This record contains 35 of the Russian shows throughout the workshop sequence. jointly they supply a vast review of actions which were supported by means of Russian associations.
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Additional info for Russian Views on Countering Terrorism During Eight Years of Dialogue: Extracts from Proceedings of Four Workshops
Failure of the elements of the security equipment; 2. False sensor readings, forcing security personnel to turn off the seemingly defective equipment; and 3. Temporary neutralization of security systems. The last possibility calls for special concern, since it involves the likelihood that a criminal could get past the security system without sensors’ making the appropriate signal to the central control station. Apart from experiments utilizing the super broad-band electromagnetic pulse generator, the possibility of perpetrating terrorist acts using simpler and cheaper means was also investigated.
These researchers cloned the interleukin-4 gene in mouse pox virus and, as a result, unexpectedly obtained a virus substantially more virulent than the initial strain. It is highly probable that cloning such a gene in human smallpox virus could lead to the appearance of a terrible bioweapon. In my view, it would be no particular problem to repeat this work or to insert the interleukin4 gene in another virus. The work used standard molecular biology methods. Such work could be carried out in many Russian biological institutes, as well as in American universities.
However, a new political “elite,” actively employing nationalistic and separatist ideas as well as political and religious extremism in their political fight with the central authorities, failed to recognize the fact that the destructive processes they had supported so actively were gaining a substantial momentum of their own. Having achieved widespread support among various groups of the population, extremism turned into a considerable threat to the newly emerging post-Soviet administrative and political entities.