Saving the Nation: Economic Modernity in Republican China - download pdf or read online

By Margherita Zanasi

Financial modernity is so heavily linked to nationhood that it's very unlikely to visualize a contemporary country with no an equally modern economic climate. then again, most folk may have hassle defining a contemporary financial system and its connection to nationhood. In Saving the kingdom, Margherita Zanasi explores this connection through interpreting the 1st nation-building try out in China after the autumn of the empire in 1911. not easy the idea that countries are items of technological and socioeconomic forces, Zanasi argues that it was once notions of what constituted a contemporary country that led the Nationalist nation-builders to form China’s associations and financial system. of their reform attempt, they faced a number of questions: What characterised a contemporary financial system? What position could a latest financial system play within the total nation-building attempt? and the way may possibly China pursue monetary modernization whereas retaining its targeted id? Zanasi expertly indicates how those questions have been negotiated and contested in the Nationalist occasion. Silenced within the Mao years, those dilemmas are reemerging at the present time as a brand new management once more redefines the industrial origin of the state. (20060224)

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Although the GMD never used this Leninist terminology, it had adopted the idea of party authoritarian supervision of government and nation during China’s transformation from feudalism to a full-fledged modern republic. In this context, the three stages of the Republican revolution devised by Sun—military, tutelage, and democracy—required a role for the party very similar to that envisioned by Lenin. ”34 Chen Jiongming, the warlord of Guangdong and one of the most prominent leaders of the federalist movement,35 was concerned as much as Chen Gongbo and Wang Jingwei with national unity and perceived China’s domestic political struggle as the cause of foreign imperialist aggression.

The German example advocated by Jiang was one of vigorous military unification followed by the establishment of a military regime relying on a strong, military-oriented heavy industry. “No matter what the nation, the revolution needs first to regulate [zhengli] the military. ”21 Chen stood firmly on Wang’s side and, as the most vocal member of the Wang group on economic matters, he further elaborated the idea of economic unification. Economic unification, he argued, was the most effective way to achieve national unity, a goal that not even political measures such as the calling of a parliament or the promulgation of a constitution could achieve.

17 While in Guangdong in the mid1920s, preparing for the Northern Expedition, Sun had made national unity one of the most important goals of the newly reorganized Nationalist Party. In this area, as in many others, Sun’s legacy to the party was ambiguous. The Northern Expedition appeared to signal that military unification was indeed Sun’s preferred solution to China’s disunity—or at least the one he believed had some chance to succeed. At the same time, most of his writings focused on political and economic issues, without expounding much on the goals of the new Nationalist army.

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