By Francis Pryor
A full of life and authoritative research into the lives of our ancestors, in accordance with the revolution within the box of Bronze Age archaeology which has been happening in Norfolk and the Fenlands during the last two decades, and within which the writer has performed a imperative role.
One of the main haunting and enigmatic archaeological discoveries of contemporary occasions used to be the uncovering in 1998 at low tide of the so-called Seahenge off the north coast of Norfolk. This circle of wood planks set vertically within the sand, with a wide inverted tree-trunk within the center, likened to a ghostly 'hand achieving up from the underworld', has now been dated again to round 2020 BC. The timbers are at present (and controversially) within the author's safekeeping at Flag Fen.
Francis Pryor and his spouse (an professional in historic wood-working and research) were on the centre of Bronze Age fieldwork for almost 30 years, piecing jointly the lifestyle of Bronze Age humans, their payment of the panorama, their faith and rituals. The well-known wetland websites of the East Anglian Fens have preserved ten occasions the data in their dryland opposite numbers like Stonehenge and Avebury, within the type of pollen, leaves, wooden, hair, pores and skin and fibre came across 'pickled' in dust and peat.
Seahenge demonstrates how a lot Western civilisation owes to the prehistoric societies that existed in Europe within the final 4 millennia BC.
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Extra resources for Seahenge: A Quest for Life and Death in Bronze Age Britain
Those by Chase, Dove, Hallam, Harlan, Markey, and Shipek). Within the primarily biological contributions, evidence and insights from a wide range of specialisms are presented. g. Grobman's, Hawkes', Heiser's, Pickersgill's, and Wilkes' discussion of the taxonomic, genetic, and cytological evidence for the domestication and diffusion of maize and other crops of the American tropics; Chikwendu's & Okezie's experimental study of yam domestication; Johns', and Hill's & Evans', biochemical approaches to, respectively, Andean root and tuber crops, and Pacific Island crops; Butler's application of anatomical micromorphology to the Southwest Asian grain legumes; Maloney's palynological investigation of the local environment of a key archaeological site in Thailand; Stahl's discussion of the dietary implications of plant-food processing; and the ecological-genetic reviews of the domesticat~on of the major grain crops of Southwest Asia by Zohary, Kislcv, and Ladizinsky, of the tropical African cereals by Harlan, and of rice by Chang.
It does not address the question of why some past human societies shifted from primary dependence on wild plant foods to primary dependence on cultivated crops. It seeks only to specify a series of plant-exploitative activities and associated ecological effects arranged sequentially along a continuum which is, however, also conceived as a gradient of increasing input of human energy per unit area of exploited land. This correlation cannot at present be demonstrated quantitatively and must remain hypothetical.
David R. Harris Gordon C. Hillman Institute oj Archaeology University College London 1 April 1988 Radiocarbon dates Throughout the text, bp, bc and ad refer to uncalibrated radiocarbon dates. Be and AD are used to indicate calibrated radiocarbon dates and calendric dates. Note The final date for revision by authors of their contributions to this book was 30 June 1988. Introduction DAVID R. HARRIS and GORDON C. HILLMAN Twenty years have passed since the first major international seminar to be held on plant and animal domestication took place at the Institute of Archaeology in London.