Download PDF by Denise Garcia: Small Arms & Security: New Emerging International Norms

By Denise Garcia

This ebook examines the emergence of latest overseas norms to control the unfold of small hands, and the level to which those norms were confirmed within the regulations and practices of states, areas and foreign companies. It additionally makes an attempt to set up standards for assessing norm emergence, and to evaluate the method of norm improvement by way of evaluating what truly happens at the multilateral point. If norm-making on small fingers and similar multilateral negotiations have ordinarily handled ‘illicit arms’, and many of the norms tested the following fall at the hands provider facet of the hands equation, the writer argues that the construction of overseas norms and the environment of extensively agreed criteria among states on all elements of the call for for, availability, and unfold of either criminal and unlawful small palms and light-weight guns needs to develop into imperative to the multilateral coordination of coverage responses so that it will take on the transforming into violence linked to small palms availability. Small fingers and defense should be of curiosity to researchers and execs within the fields of peace and clash stories, international governance, overseas safety and disarmament.

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G. the norm on the destruction of surplus weapons. A decade ago, weapons that were deemed surplus or excess in arsenals all over the world, or seized in the context of police operations and crime occurrences, or left over from conflicts that raged during the Cold War, were put in storage. The case of Albania – to be detailed later – is telling in illuminating the tragic effects of the pillage of its arsenals in 1997. The weapons ended up fuelling the conflict in Kosovo and in the entire region. S.

48 This definition is cast at the international level with an emphasis on norms as solutions to international coordination problems among states. Even though this definition holds immense explanatory power, especially for the period it was coined, it leaves unexplained how emerging norms, though not yet institutionalized within regimes, can work as powerful avenues for shaping and changing states’ interests, as well as in modifying states’ practices. Therefore, short of being part of regimes, how can emerging norms have a constituting character in the relations among actors today?

2 To date, norm-making on small arms and related multilateral negotiations have mostly dealt with “illicit arms,” and most of the norms examined here fall on the arms-supplier side of the equation. However, the creation of international norms and the setting of widely agreed standards amongst states on all aspects of the demand for, availability, and spread of both legal and illegal small arms and light weapons must become central to the multilateral coordination of policy responses in order to tackle the growing violence associated with arms availability and spread around the world.

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