Download e-book for kindle: The Ancient Egyptian Language: An Historical Study by James P. Allen

By James P. Allen

This e-book, the 1st of its variety, examines how the phonology and grammar of the traditional Egyptian language replaced over greater than 3 thousand years of its historical past, from the 1st visual appeal of written records, c.3250 BC, to the Coptic dialects of the second one century advert and later. half One discusses phonology, operating backward from the vowels and consonants of Coptic to those who may be deduced for prior levels of the language. half is dedicated to grammar, together with either easy parts corresponding to nouns and the complicated background of the verbal approach. The e-book therefore presents either a synchronic description of the 5 significant ancient phases of historical Egyptian and a diachronic research in their improvement and dating.

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T > b c/t vs. aflms t: b cai “this” and taiswni “this sister” vs. afm tei/tei, l teei/teei, s tai/tei; 2. *d > abflms t: afl tep, bms tap “horn”; 3. *k > b y/k vs. aflms k: b ybwl “you loosen” and kswlep “you break” vs. afls kbwl, m kbol “you loosen” and afls kswlp, m ksolp “you break”; 4. g. g. ” This indicates a consonant similar to k but with features of ¥ and j, therefore probably a palatal (*k). 50 on Sun Jul 28 10:34:32 WEST 2013. 005 Cambridge Books Online © Cambridge University Press, 2013 Coptic phonology 1.

Sjh. ” This feature accounts for the occasional correspondence of Common Coptic *ˀ with . ” vs. drt *da´ rat > twre/twri ¯ ¯ Coptic twre/twri vs. tootf/taatf also illustrates the regular loss of the feminine marker t at the end of an absolute noun (beginning already in the Old Kingdom) but its preservation before a pronominal suffix; these phenomena are often reflected in writing by omission of the final t in absolute use and by tw or tj in Late Egyptian and ṱ in Demotic in pronominal forms. ” The ¯vs.

In all but Bohairic and Oxyrhynchite, it is regularly reflected in doubled vowels except when word-final. g. ” In a closed syllable, *a usually undergoes its regular development to bs o(o) before *ˀ. g. 50 on Sun Jul 28 10:34:32 WEST 2013. 005 Cambridge Books Online © Cambridge University Press, 2013 Coptic phonology 15 ¥aats, m ¥ets “cut it” vs. ” Original *ˀ is often lost after *e and *i. g. afl tees, m tes, s taas “give it” vs. g. ” Unstressed a and e are consistent in some words but alternate in others: abflms amou (am´u) “come” and esht “ground,” but al abal vs.

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