The Berlin Jewish Community: Enlightenment, Family and - download pdf or read online

By Steven M. Lowenstein

The Berlin Jewish group was once either the pioneer in highbrow modernization and the 1st to adventure a concern of modernity. This unique and innovative e-book connects highbrow and political transformation with the social buildings and day-by-day actions of the Jewish neighborhood. Steven M. Lowenstein has used terribly wealthy documentation concerning the lifetime of Berlin Jewry within the interval and assembled a collective biography of the total neighborhood of Berlin Jews. He has tested tax lists, subscription lists, genealogical documents, and tackle lists in addition to kosher meat bills to offer us a vibrant photo of way of life. On one other point in detailing the complexity of Jewish existence in Berlin in this interval, this ebook illuminates the connections among the "peaceful level" of enlightenment and the concern that undefined.

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Get The Berlin Jewish Community: Enlightenment, Family and PDF

The Berlin Jewish group used to be either the pioneer in highbrow modernization and the 1st to event a situation of modernity. This unique and ingenious publication connects highbrow and political transformation with the social constructions and day-by-day actions of the Jewish group. Steven M. Lowenstein has used terribly wealthy documentation in regards to the lifetime of Berlin Jewry within the interval and assembled a collective biography of the total group of Berlin Jews.

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Additional info for The Berlin Jewish Community: Enlightenment, Family and Crisis, 1770-1830 (Studies in Jewish History)

Example text

Therefore some of the rules on nepotism were eased. 28 The new rules did no more than codify a situation that had existed since the early eighteenth century. The postwar elders were about equally likely to come from the top 10 percent of communal taxpayers as had been elders before the war. A few of the new elders and assistant elders were relatives of those who had served before the war, but, in general, it was the new elite of manufacturers and bankers who dominated the leadership. Two families were especially dominant in postwar communal offices—those of the two coin millionaires Veitel Ephraim and Daniel Itzig.

Daniel Itzig, who was a native of the city, came from a well-to-do but not elite family. Neither Isaac-Fliess nor Itzig had figured among the top taxpaying families in Berlin until the decade before the war. Berlin, like most Jewish communities of the time, had always been dominated by the wealthy families of the community. But never was the domination as great as it was in the years immediately following the Seven Years War. In 1754, following a pattern similar to that throughout the first half of the eighteenth century, the richest 5 percent of Berlin Jewish taxpayers paid about 21 percent of total communal taxes; by 1764, after the war, the top 5 percent were paying over twice as much (43 percent).

Therefore some of the rules on nepotism were eased. 28 The new rules did no more than codify a situation that had existed since the early eighteenth century. The postwar elders were about equally likely to come from the top 10 percent of communal taxpayers as had been elders before the war. A few of the new elders and assistant elders were relatives of those who had served before the war, but, in general, it was the new elite of manufacturers and bankers who dominated the leadership. Two families were especially dominant in postwar communal offices—those of the two coin millionaires Veitel Ephraim and Daniel Itzig.

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